Articles | Volume 4, issue 3
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 583–597, 2011
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 583–597, 2011

Research article 21 Mar 2011

Research article | 21 Mar 2011

Maritime aerosol network as a component of AERONET – first results and comparison with global aerosol models and satellite retrievals

A. Smirnov1,2, B. N. Holben2, D. M. Giles1,2, I. Slutsker1,2, N. T. O'Neill3, T. F. Eck4,2, A. Macke5, P. Croot6, Y. Courcoux7, S. M. Sakerin8, T. J. Smyth9, T. Zielinski10, G. Zibordi11, J. I. Goes12, M. J. Harvey13, P. K. Quinn14, N. B. Nelson15, V. F. Radionov16, C. M. Duarte17, R. Losno18, J. Sciare19, K. J. Voss20, S. Kinne21, N. R. Nalli22, E. Joseph23, K. Krishna Moorthy24, D. S. Covert25, S. K. Gulev26, G. Milinevsky27, P. Larouche28, S. Belanger29, E. Horne30, M. Chin31, L. A. Remer32, R. A. Kahn32, J. S. Reid33, M. Schulz19, C. L. Heald34, J. Zhang35, K. Lapina34, R. G. Kleidman32,36, J. Griesfeller19, B. J. Gaitley37, Q. Tan4,31, and T. L. Diehl4,31 A. Smirnov et al.
  • 1Sigma Space Corporation, Lanham, Maryland, USA
  • 2Biospheric Sciences Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
  • 3CARTEL, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada
  • 4Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  • 5Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
  • 6Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of Kiel (IFM-GEOMAR), Kiel, Germany
  • 7L'Observatoire de Physique de l'Atmosphère de la Réunion (OPAR), Université de la Réunion, Saint Denis de la Réunion, France
  • 8Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Tomsk, Russia
  • 9Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, UK
  • 10Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sopot, Poland
  • 11Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra, Italy
  • 12Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, West Boothbay Harbor, Maine, USA
  • 13National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand
  • 14NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • 15Institute for Computational Earth System Science, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA
  • 16Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • 17IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados, Esporles (Mallorca), Spain
  • 18Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques, Université de Paris 7 et Université de Paris 12, Creteil, France
  • 19Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • 20Physics Department, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, USA
  • 21Institute for Meteorology, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • 22NOAA/NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR), Camp Springs, Maryland, USA
  • 23Department of Physics and Astronomy, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA
  • 24Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum, India
  • 25Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • 26P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
  • 27Space Physics Laboratory, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • 28Institut Maurice-Lamontagne, Mont-Joli, Québec, Canada
  • 29Département de biologie, chimie et géographie, Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, Québec, Canada
  • 30Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Bedford, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 31Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
  • 32Climate and Radiation Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
  • 33Marine Meteorology Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Monterey, California, USA
  • 34Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
  • 35University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA
  • 36Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, Maryland, USA
  • 37Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA

Abstract. The Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN) has been collecting data over the oceans since November 2006. Over 80 cruises were completed through early 2010 with deployments continuing. Measurement areas included various parts of the Atlantic Ocean, the Northern and Southern Pacific Ocean, the South Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and inland seas. MAN deploys Microtops hand-held sunphotometers and utilizes a calibration procedure and data processing traceable to AERONET. Data collection included areas that previously had no aerosol optical depth (AOD) coverage at all, particularly vast areas of the Southern Ocean. The MAN data archive provides a valuable resource for aerosol studies in maritime environments. In the current paper we present results of AOD measurements over the oceans, and make a comparison with satellite AOD retrievals and model simulations.