Assimilation of GNSS radio occultation observations in GRAPES
- 1Numerical Weather Prediction Center, China Meteorology Administration, Beijing, 100081, China
- 2State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, China Meteorology Administration, Beijing 100081, China
- 3National Meteorological Center, China Meteorological Administration, No. 46 South Zhongguancun Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract. This paper reviews the development of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) radio occultation (RO) observations assimilation in the Global/Regional Assimilation and PrEdiction System (GRAPES) of China Meteorological Administration, including the choice of data to assimilate, the data quality control, the observation operator, the tuning of observation error, and the results of the observation impact experiments. The results indicate that RO data have a significantly positive effect on analysis and forecast at all ranges in GRAPES, not only in the Southern Hemisphere where conventional observations are lacking but also in the Northern Hemisphere where data are rich. It is noted that a relatively simple assimilation and forecast system in which only the conventional and RO observation are assimilated still has analysis and forecast skill even after nine months integration, and the analysis difference between both hemispheres is gradually reduced with height when compared with NCEP (National Centers for Environmental Prediction) analyses. Finally, as a result of the new on-board payload of the Chinese FengYun-3 (FY-3) satellites, the research status of the RO of FY-3 satellites is also presented.