Odin–OSIRIS detection of the Chelyabinsk meteor
Abstract. On 15 February 2013 an 11 000 ton meteor entered Earth's atmosphere southeast of Chelyabinsk, creating a large fireball at 23 km altitude. The resulting stratospheric aerosol loading was detected by the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) in a high-altitude polar belt. This work confirms the presence and lifetime of the stratospheric debris using the Optical Spectrograph and InfraRed Imaging System (OSIRIS) onboard the Odin satellite. Although OSIRIS coverage begins in mid-March, the measurements show a belt of enhanced scattering near 35 km altitude between 50° N and 70° N. Initially, enhancements show increased scattering of up to 15% over the background conditions, decaying in intensity and dropping in altitude until they are indistinguishable from background conditions by mid-May. An inversion is also attempted using the standard OSIRIS processing algorithm to determine the extinction in the meteoric debris.