Articles | Volume 8, issue 9
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 3941–3958, 2015
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 3941–3958, 2015

Research article 25 Sep 2015

Research article | 25 Sep 2015

Three years of semicontinuous greenhouse gas measurements at the Puy de Dôme station (central France)

M. Lopez1,a, M. Schmidt1,b, M. Ramonet1, J.-L. Bonne1, A. Colomb2, V. Kazan1, P. Laj3, and J.-M. Pichon2,4 M. Lopez et al.
  • 1Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE – UMR8212), Unité mixte CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • 2Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Université, CNRS, UMR 6016, 63171 Aubière, France
  • 3Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement (LGGE – UMR 5183), 38402 Saint-Martin d'Hères, France
  • 4Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont Université, CNRS, UMS 833, 63171 Aubière, France
  • anow at: Environment Canada, Climate Research Division, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • bnow at: Institut für Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Abstract. Three years of greenhouse gas measurements, obtained using a gas chromatograph (GC) system located at the Puy de Dôme station at 1465 m a.s.l. in central France, are presented. The GC system was installed in 2010 at Puy de Dôme and was designed for automatic and accurate semicontinuous measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and sulfur hexafluoride mole fractions. We present in detail the instrumental setup and the calibration strategy, which together allow the GC to reach repeatabilities of 0.1 μmol mol−1, 1.2 nmol mol−1, 0.3 nmol mol−1 and 0.06 pmol mol−1 for CO2, CH4, N2O and SF6, respectively. The analysis of the 3-year atmospheric time series revealed how the planetary boundary layer height drives the mole fractions observed at a mountain site such as Puy de Dôme where air masses alternate between the planetary boundary layer and the free troposphere. Accurate long-lived greenhouse gas measurements collocated with 222Rn measurements as an atmospheric tracer allowed us to determine the CO2, CH4 and N2O emissions in the catchment area of the station. The derived CO2 surface flux revealed a clear seasonal cycle, with net uptake by plant assimilation in the spring and net emission caused by the biosphere and burning of fossil fuel during the remainder of the year. We calculated a mean annual CO2 flux of 1310 ± 680 t CO2 km−2. The derived CH4 and N2O emissions in the station catchment area were 7.0 ± 4.0 t CH4 km−2 yr−1 and 1.8 ± 1.0 t N2O km−2 yr−1, respectively. Our derived annual CH4 flux is in agreement with the national French inventory, whereas our derived N2O flux is 5 times larger than the same inventory.