Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
Research article
23 Feb 2016
Research article |  | 23 Feb 2016

A total sky cloud detection method using real clear sky background

Jun Yang, Qilong Min, Weitao Lu, Ying Ma, Wen Yao, Tianshu Lu, Juan Du, and Guangyi Liu

Abstract. The brightness distribution of sky background is usually non-uniform, which creates many problems for traditional cloud detection methods, including the failure of thin cloud detection in total sky images and significantly reducing retrieval accuracy in the circumsolar and near-horizon regions. This paper describes the development of a new cloud detection algorithm, named "clear sky background differencing (CSBD)", which is accomplished by differencing the original image and the corresponding clear sky background image using the images' green channel. First, a library of clear sky background images with a variety of solar elevation angles needs to be developed. The image rotation and image brightness adjustment algorithms are applied to ensure the two images being differenced have the same solar position and similar brightness distribution. Sensitivity tests show that the cloud detection results are satisfactory when the two images have the same solar positions. Several experimental cases show that the CSBD algorithm obtains good cloud recognition results visually, especially for thin clouds.