Dust aerosol measurements, modeling and multidisciplinary effects (AMT/ACP inter-journal SI)(AMT/ACP inter-journal SI)
Dust aerosol measurements, modeling and multidisciplinary effects (AMT/ACP inter-journal SI)(AMT/ACP inter-journal SI)
Editor(s): Omar Torres, Vassilis Amiridis, Sara Basart, Lucia Mona, Carlos Pérez García-Pando, and Claire Ryder Special issue jointly organized between Atmospheric Measurement Techniques and Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Sand and dust storms (SDSs) are extreme meteorological phenomena that generate significant amounts of airborne mineral dust particles. SDSs play a significant role in different aspects of weather, climate and atmospheric chemistry. In addition, SDSs represent a severe hazard for life, health, property, the environment and the economy, which is aligned with several Sustainable Developed Goal (SDG) targets established by the United Nations (UN). Understanding, managing and mitigating SDS risks and effects requires fundamental and cross-disciplinary knowledge and filling current knowledge gaps on the dust cycle.

Recent developments in Earth observation have led to big advances in the observational capabilities of desert dust particles. Research products show the possibility of exploring the wide dimensional range of desert dust particles by integrating different observational techniques on the ground, while satellite observations are currently providing aerosol description with finer and finer spatiotemporal resolution. Experts on dust observations and modelling participating in the EU-funded COST Action InDust (www.cost-indust.eu, CA16202) have identified critical scientific gaps in our current knowledge of dust aerosol measurements, modelling, processes and effects and have also identified a critical mass of scientists working towards addressing them. Such gaps include at least issues such as

  • the need for improvement of surface-based dust aerosol measurements (in situ, sun photometric, lasers), including the use of new technologies, improved algorithms and combined approaches;
  • the improvement of the global coverage on aerosol dust observation through improvement of satellite-based retrievals;
  • advancements in dust aerosol modelling (sources, mechanisms, deposition);
  • the presentation of intensive campaign results with a focus on dust aerosols;
  • dust mineralogy;
  • the assessment of the dust particle size distribution with an emphasis on giant particles;
  • enhancements regarding dust aerosol effects on different communities (e.g. solar energy, aviation, health, climate, air quality, agriculture, ocean life).
This special issue focuses on addressing the above-mentioned gaps through individual and combined efforts from at least the COST InDust community (0000108:0000100 scientists from 52 countries). A list of papers to be submitted has been created including results related to SDS-WAS, ACTRIS/EARLINET activities, long-term measurement analysis of measured and modelled data, dust retrieval algorithm and techniques, dust effects, and foreseen results of the ESA Aeolus Cal/Val activity “ASKOS” (Cabo Verde, June–July, 2020).

Download citations of all papers

08 Apr 2024
Sharp increase in Saharan dust intrusions over the western Euro-Mediterranean in February–March 2020–2022 and associated atmospheric circulation
Emilio Cuevas-Agulló, David Barriopedro, Rosa Delia García, Silvia Alonso-Pérez, Juan Jesús González-Alemán, Ernest Werner, David Suárez, Juan José Bustos, Gerardo García-Castrillo, Omaira García, África Barreto, and Sara Basart
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 4083–4104, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-4083-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-4083-2024, 2024
Short summary
18 Jan 2024
A new look into the impacts of dust radiative effects on the energetics of tropical easterly waves
Farnaz Hosseinpour and Eric M. Wilcox
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 24, 707–724, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-707-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-707-2024, 2024
Short summary
29 Jun 2023
Insights into the size-resolved dust emission from field measurements in the Moroccan Sahara
Cristina González-Flórez, Martina Klose, Andrés Alastuey, Sylvain Dupont, Jerónimo Escribano, Vicken Etyemezian, Adolfo Gonzalez-Romero, Yue Huang, Konrad Kandler, George Nikolich, Agnesh Panta, Xavier Querol, Cristina Reche, Jesús Yus-Díez, and Carlos Pérez García-Pando
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 7177–7212, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-7177-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-7177-2023, 2023
Short summary
24 May 2023
Performance evaluation of the Alphasense OPC-N3 and Plantower PMS5003 sensor in measuring dust events in the Salt Lake Valley, Utah
Kamaljeet Kaur and Kerry E. Kelly
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 16, 2455–2470, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-16-2455-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-16-2455-2023, 2023
Short summary
31 Mar 2023
Insights into the single-particle composition, size, mixing state, and aspect ratio of freshly emitted mineral dust from field measurements in the Moroccan Sahara using electron microscopy
Agnesh Panta, Konrad Kandler, Andres Alastuey, Cristina González-Flórez, Adolfo González-Romero, Martina Klose, Xavier Querol, Cristina Reche, Jesús Yus-Díez, and Carlos Pérez García-Pando
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 3861–3885, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-3861-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-3861-2023, 2023
Short summary
17 May 2023
Comparison of dust optical depth from multi-sensor products and MONARCH (Multiscale Online Non-hydrostatic AtmospheRe CHemistry) dust reanalysis over North Africa, the Middle East, and Europe
Michail Mytilinaios, Sara Basart, Sergio Ciamprone, Juan Cuesta, Claudio Dema, Enza Di Tomaso, Paola Formenti, Antonis Gkikas, Oriol Jorba, Ralph Kahn, Carlos Pérez García-Pando, Serena Trippetta, and Lucia Mona
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 5487–5516, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-5487-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-5487-2023, 2023
Short summary
07 Sep 2023
The export of African mineral dust across the Atlantic and its impact over the Amazon Basin
Xurong Wang, Qiaoqiao Wang, Maria Prass, Christopher Pöhlker, Daniel Moran-Zuloaga, Paulo Artaxo, Jianwei Gu, Ning Yang, Xiajie Yang, Jiangchuan Tao, Juan Hong, Nan Ma, Yafang Cheng, Hang Su, and Meinrat O. Andreae
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 9993–10014, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-9993-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-9993-2023, 2023
Short summary
13 Feb 2024
Development and characterization of a high-performance single-particle aerosol mass spectrometer (HP-SPAMS)
Xubing Du, Qinhui Xie, Qing Huang, Xuan Li, Junlin Yang, Zhihui Hou, Jingjing Wang, Xue Li, Zhen Zhou, Zhengxu Huang, Wei Gao, and Lei Li
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 1037–1050, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-17-1037-2024,https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-17-1037-2024, 2024
Short summary
26 Sep 2023
Future dust concentration over the Middle East and North Africa region under global warming and stratospheric aerosol intervention scenarios
Seyed Vahid Mousavi, Khalil Karami, Simone Tilmes, Helene Muri, Lili Xia, and Abolfazl Rezaei
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 10677–10695, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-10677-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-10677-2023, 2023
Short summary
06 Feb 2023
Validation of the TROPOMI/S5P aerosol layer height using EARLINET lidars
Konstantinos Michailidis, Maria-Elissavet Koukouli, Dimitris Balis, J. Pepijn Veefkind, Martin de Graaf, Lucia Mona, Nikolaos Papagianopoulos, Gesolmina Pappalardo, Ioanna Tsikoudi, Vassilis Amiridis, Eleni Marinou, Anna Gialitaki, Rodanthi-Elisavet Mamouri, Argyro Nisantzi, Daniele Bortoli, Maria João Costa, Vanda Salgueiro, Alexandros Papayannis, Maria Mylonaki, Lucas Alados-Arboledas, Salvatore Romano, Maria Rita Perrone, and Holger Baars
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 1919–1940, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-1919-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-1919-2023, 2023
Short summary
05 Jan 2023
Vertical characterization of fine and coarse dust particles during an intense Saharan dust outbreak over the Iberian Peninsula in springtime 2021
María Ángeles López-Cayuela, Carmen Córdoba-Jabonero, Diego Bermejo-Pantaleón, Michaël Sicard, Vanda Salgueiro, Francisco Molero, Clara Violeta Carvajal-Pérez, María José Granados-Muñoz, Adolfo Comerón, Flavio T. Couto, Rubén Barragán, María-Paz Zorzano, Juan Antonio Bravo-Aranda, Constantino Muñoz-Porcar, María João Costa, Begoña Artíñano, Alejandro Rodríguez-Gómez, Daniele Bortoli, Manuel Pujadas, Jesús Abril-Gago, Lucas Alados-Arboledas, and Juan Luis Guerrero-Rascado
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 143–161, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-143-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-23-143-2023, 2023
Short summary
31 Aug 2022
Aerosol characterisation in the subtropical eastern North Atlantic region using long-term AERONET measurements
África Barreto, Rosa D. García, Carmen Guirado-Fuentes, Emilio Cuevas, A. Fernando Almansa, Celia Milford, Carlos Toledano, Francisco J. Expósito, Juan P. Díaz, and Sergio F. León-Luis
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 11105–11124, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-11105-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-11105-2022, 2022
Short summary
15 Jul 2022
Particle size distribution and particulate matter concentrations during synoptic and convective dust events in West Texas
Karin Ardon-Dryer and Mary C. Kelley
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 9161–9173, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-9161-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-9161-2022, 2022
Short summary
29 Sep 2022
Modeling coarse and giant desert dust particles
Eleni Drakaki, Vassilis Amiridis, Alexandra Tsekeri, Antonis Gkikas, Emmanouil Proestakis, Sotirios Mallios, Stavros Solomos, Christos Spyrou, Eleni Marinou, Claire L. Ryder, Demetri Bouris, and Petros Katsafados
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 12727–12748, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-12727-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-12727-2022, 2022
Short summary
15 Aug 2022
Long-range transport of Asian dust to the Arctic: identification of transport pathways, evolution of aerosol optical properties, and impact assessment on surface albedo changes
Xiaoxi Zhao, Kan Huang, Joshua S. Fu, and Sabur F. Abdullaev
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 10389–10407, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-10389-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-10389-2022, 2022
Short summary
02 Sep 2022
What caused the interdecadal shift in the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) impact on dust mass concentration over northwestern South Asia?
Lamei Shi, Jiahua Zhang, Da Zhang, Jingwen Wang, Xianglei Meng, Yuqin Liu, and Fengmei Yao
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 11255–11274, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-11255-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-11255-2022, 2022
Short summary
17 Jun 2022
Reduced surface fine dust under droughts over the southeastern United States during summertime: observations and CMIP6 model simulations
Wei Li and Yuxuan Wang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 7843–7859, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-7843-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-7843-2022, 2022
Short summary
18 May 2022
Inverse modeling of the 2021 spring super dust storms in East Asia
Jianbing Jin, Mijie Pang, Arjo Segers, Wei Han, Li Fang, Baojie Li, Haochuan Feng, Hai Xiang Lin, and Hong Liao
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 6393–6410, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-6393-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-6393-2022, 2022
Short summary
17 Jun 2022
Record-breaking dust loading during two mega dust storm events over northern China in March 2021: aerosol optical and radiative properties and meteorological drivers
Ke Gui, Wenrui Yao, Huizheng Che, Linchang An, Yu Zheng, Lei Li, Hujia Zhao, Lei Zhang, Junting Zhong, Yaqiang Wang, and Xiaoye Zhang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 7905–7932, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-7905-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-7905-2022, 2022
Short summary
07 Apr 2022
Large-eddy-simulation study on turbulent particle deposition and its dependence on atmospheric-boundary-layer stability
Xin Yin, Cong Jiang, Yaping Shao, Ning Huang, and Jie Zhang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 4509–4522, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4509-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-4509-2022, 2022
Short summary
17 Mar 2022
Quantification of the dust optical depth across spatiotemporal scales with the MIDAS global dataset (2003–2017)
Antonis Gkikas, Emmanouil Proestakis, Vassilis Amiridis, Stelios Kazadzis, Enza Di Tomaso, Eleni Marinou, Nikos Hatzianastassiou, Jasper F. Kok, and Carlos Pérez García-Pando
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 3553–3578, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-3553-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-3553-2022, 2022
Short summary
11 Nov 2021
15-year variability of desert dust optical depth on global and regional scales
Stavros-Andreas Logothetis, Vasileios Salamalikis, Antonis Gkikas, Stelios Kazadzis, Vassilis Amiridis, and Andreas Kazantzidis
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 16499–16529, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-16499-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-16499-2021, 2021
Short summary
14 Jan 2022
Assimilating spaceborne lidar dust extinction can improve dust forecasts
Jerónimo Escribano, Enza Di Tomaso, Oriol Jorba, Martina Klose, Maria Gonçalves Ageitos, Francesca Macchia, Vassilis Amiridis, Holger Baars, Eleni Marinou, Emmanouil Proestakis, Claudia Urbanneck, Dietrich Althausen, Johannes Bühl, Rodanthi-Elisavet Mamouri, and Carlos Pérez García-Pando
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 535–560, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-535-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-535-2022, 2022
Short summary
02 Sep 2021
Retrievals of dust-related particle mass and ice-nucleating particle concentration profiles with ground-based polarization lidar and sun photometer over a megacity in central China
Yun He, Yunfei Zhang, Fuchao Liu, Zhenping Yin, Yang Yi, Yifan Zhan, and Fan Yi
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 5939–5954, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-5939-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-5939-2021, 2021
Short summary
01 Dec 2021
Polarization lidar for detecting dust orientation: system design and calibration
Alexandra Tsekeri, Vassilis Amiridis, Alexandros Louridas, George Georgoussis, Volker Freudenthaler, Spiros Metallinos, George Doxastakis, Josef Gasteiger, Nikolaos Siomos, Peristera Paschou, Thanasis Georgiou, George Tsaknakis, Christos Evangelatos, and Ioannis Binietoglou
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 7453–7474, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-7453-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-7453-2021, 2021
Short summary
22 Apr 2021
Enhanced light absorption and reduced snow albedo due to internally mixed mineral dust in grains of snow
Tenglong Shi, Jiecan Cui, Yang Chen, Yue Zhou, Wei Pu, Xuanye Xu, Quanliang Chen, Xuelei Zhang, and Xin Wang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 21, 6035–6051, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-6035-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-21-6035-2021, 2021
Short summary
08 Dec 2020
Source backtracking for dust storm emission inversion using an adjoint method: case study of Northeast China
Jianbing Jin, Arjo Segers, Hong Liao, Arnold Heemink, Richard Kranenburg, and Hai Xiang Lin
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15207–15225, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15207-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15207-2020, 2020
Short summary
07 Dec 2020
EARLINET observations of Saharan dust intrusions over the northern Mediterranean region (2014–2017): properties and impact on radiative forcing
Ourania Soupiona, Alexandros Papayannis, Panagiotis Kokkalis, Romanos Foskinis, Guadalupe Sánchez Hernández, Pablo Ortiz-Amezcua, Maria Mylonaki, Christina-Anna Papanikolaou, Nikolaos Papagiannopoulos, Stefanos Samaras, Silke Groß, Rodanthi-Elisavet Mamouri, Lucas Alados-Arboledas, Aldo Amodeo, and Basil Psiloglou
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15147–15166, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15147-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15147-2020, 2020
Short summary
15 Jan 2021
| Highlight paper
ModIs Dust AeroSol (MIDAS): a global fine-resolution dust optical depth data set
Antonis Gkikas, Emmanouil Proestakis, Vassilis Amiridis, Stelios Kazadzis, Enza Di Tomaso, Alexandra Tsekeri, Eleni Marinou, Nikos Hatzianastassiou, and Carlos Pérez García-Pando
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 309–334, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-309-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-309-2021, 2021
Short summary
07 Dec 2020
North African mineral dust sources: new insights from a combined analysis based on 3D dust aerosol distributions, surface winds and ancillary soil parameters
Sophie Vandenbussche, Sieglinde Callewaert, Kerstin Schepanski, and Martine De Mazière
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 15127–15146, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15127-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-15127-2020, 2020
Short summary
05 Nov 2020
Models transport Saharan dust too low in the atmosphere: a comparison of the MetUM and CAMS forecasts with observations
Debbie O'Sullivan, Franco Marenco, Claire L. Ryder, Yaswant Pradhan, Zak Kipling, Ben Johnson, Angela Benedetti, Melissa Brooks, Matthew McGill, John Yorks, and Patrick Selmer
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 12955–12982, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-12955-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-12955-2020, 2020
Short summary
15 Jul 2020
A new optical-based technique for real-time measurements of mineral dust concentration in PM10 using a virtual impactor
Luka Drinovec, Jean Sciare, Iasonas Stavroulas, Spiros Bezantakos, Michael Pikridas, Florin Unga, Chrysanthos Savvides, Bojana Višić, Maja Remškar, and Griša Močnik
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 3799–3813, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-3799-2020,https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-3799-2020, 2020
Short summary
CC BY 4.0