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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2015-398
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2015-398
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  18 Jan 2016

18 Jan 2016

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This preprint was under review for the journal AMT but the revision was not accepted.

Furthering information from OH and HO2 +RO2 observations using a high resolution time of flight mass spectrometer

R. L. Mauldin III1,2, M. P. Rissanen1, T. Petäjä1, and M. Kulmala1 R. L. Mauldin III et al.
  • 1Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014, Finland
  • 2Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

Abstract. An instrument has been developed which allows an entire suite of oxidation products (H2SO4 and Extremely Low Volatile Organic Compounds, ELVOCs) to be measured along with the concentrations of the key radical species OH and HO2 +RO2. The system combines the techniques for chemical conversion of OH or HO2 +RO2 into H2SO4 together with nitrate ion (NO3-) Chemical Ionization (CI) and Atmospheric Pressure interface - Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer (NO3- CI-APi-ToF) which has been previously used for the detection of ELVOCs and a few other oxygenated organic species. The system exhibits the same sensitivity towards OH or HO2 +RO2 as previous quadrupole chemical ionization (CIMS) measurements with limits of detection of ~2 x 105 and ~2 x 106 molecule cm-3 for OH and HO2+RO2 respectively. Unlike previous CIMS measurements, the use of a NO3- CI-APi-ToF allows the acquisition of the entire mass spectrum at high resolution with each measurement, allowing one to see how the organic species behave when the sample flow is perturbed with reagent gasses (SO2 or NO). While the combination of these measurements into one instrument is of great practical value, it is the combination of these data within the spectra obtained in each mode that extends the information far beyond the measurements themselves.

R. L. Mauldin III et al.

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R. L. Mauldin III et al.

R. L. Mauldin III et al.

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Short summary
The manuscript describes a novel instrument for the measurement of OH, HO2+RO2, and other atmospheric species. The instrument described combines the chemical ionization techniques of nitrate CIMS, OH conversion to H2SO4, HO2+RO2 conversion to H2SO4, and high resolution time of flight mass spectroscopy into one system. By using one instrument to obtain spectra it is possible to compare spectra from the different modes and gain further chemical information towards peak identification.
The manuscript describes a novel instrument for the measurement of OH, HO2+RO2, and other...
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