Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

IF value: 3.668
IF3.668
IF 5-year value: 3.707
IF 5-year
3.707
CiteScore value: 6.3
CiteScore
6.3
SNIP value: 1.383
SNIP1.383
IPP value: 3.75
IPP3.75
SJR value: 1.525
SJR1.525
Scimago H <br class='widget-line-break'>index value: 77
Scimago H
index
77
h5-index value: 49
h5-index49
Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2018-43
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2018-43
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  19 Mar 2018

19 Mar 2018

Review status
This preprint was under review for the journal AMT but the revision was not accepted.

Construction and Characterization of an Indoor Smog Chamber for the Measurement of the Optical and Physicochemical Properties of Aging Biomass Burning Aerosols Native to sub-Saharan Africa

Damon M. Smith1, Marc N. Fiddler2, Kenneth G. Sexton3, and Solomon Bililign2,4 Damon M. Smith et al.
  • 1Energy and Environmental Systems Department, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA
  • 2NOAA-ISET Center, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA
  • 3Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA
  • 4Department of Physics, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA

Abstract. We describe here the construction and characterization of a new smog chamber facility (NCAT chamber) for studying the chemical and optical properties of biomass burning (BB) aerosols from biomass fuels native to sub-Saharan Africa. This facility is comprised of a ~9 m3 fluorinated ethylene propylene film (FEP) reactor placed in a temperature-controlled room and coupled with a cavity ring-down spectrometer, nephelometer, condensation particle counter, differential mobility analyzer and other analytical instruments, such as NOX and O3 analyzers, a GC, a filter sampler, and an impinger for collecting particles in water. Construction details and characterization experiments are described, including measurements of BB particulate size distribution and deposition rate, gas wall loss rates, dilution rate, light intensity, mixing speed, temperature and humidity variations, and air purification method. The wall loss rates for NO, NO2, and O3 were found to be (7.40 ± 0.01) × 10−4, (3.47 ± 0.01) × 10−4, and (5.90 ± 0.08) × 10−4 min−1 respectively. The NO2 photolysis rate constant was 0.165 ±0.005 min−4, which corresponds to a flux of (7.72 ± 0.25) × 1017 photons•nm•cm−2•s−1 from 296.0−516.8 nm. Particle deposition rate was found to be (2.46 ± 0.11) × 10−3 min−1 for pine at Dp = 100 nm. After initial mixing in the chamber, with the ultraviolet (UV) light off, the particle size distribution for BB samples used for the initial work did not stabilize until ~7.5 hours after injection peaking near a mobility diameter of ~340 nm. The chamber demonstrated gas and particle loss rates, and other properties comparable to other similar indoor smog chambers.

Damon M. Smith et al.

Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Damon M. Smith et al.

Damon M. Smith et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 1,286 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
1,032 237 17 1,286 65 15 19
  • HTML: 1,032
  • PDF: 237
  • XML: 17
  • Total: 1,286
  • Supplement: 65
  • BibTeX: 15
  • EndNote: 19
Views and downloads (calculated since 19 Mar 2018)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 19 Mar 2018)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 1,102 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 1,092 with geography defined and 10 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Saved

No saved metrics found.

Discussed

No discussed metrics found.
Latest update: 20 Sep 2020
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
Biomass burning (BB) aerosols can substantially degrade air quality and climate. Smog chambers provide a controlled environment to study the formation and the evolution of these smoke particles produced from specific fuel sources of interest by isolating the influence of emissions, meteorology, and mixing effects. The NCAT Chamber is built to conduct a study of optical properties of African fuels. The paper describes the chamber construction and properties.
Biomass burning (BB) aerosols can substantially degrade air quality and climate. Smog chambers...
Citation