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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-106
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-106
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  29 Jun 2020

29 Jun 2020

Review status
A revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal AMT and is expected to appear here in due course.

Real-Time Estimation of Airflow Vector based on Lidar Observations for Preview Control

Ryota Kikuchi1, Takashi Misaka2, Shigeru Obayashi3, and Hamaki Inokuchi4 Ryota Kikuchi et al.
  • 1DoerResearch Inc., Chiba 260-0013, Japan
  • 2National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Ibaraki 305-8564, Japan
  • 3Tohoku University, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan
  • 4Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokyo 181-0015, Japan

Abstract. The control technique in a gust alleviation system by using the airborne Doppler Lidar technology is expected to enhance aviation safety to minimize the risks of turbulence-related accidents. Accurate measurement and estimation of the vertical wind velocity are very important in the successful implementation of a gust alleviation system by using the airborne Doppler Lidar technology. An estimation algorithm of airflow vector based on the airborne Lidars is proposed and investigated for preview control to prevent turbulence-induced aircraft accidents in flight. The use of the simple vector conversion method, which is an existing technique, assumes that the wind field between the Lidars is homogeneous. The assumption of a homogeneous field would be wrong when turbulence occurs due to large wind velocity fluctuation. The proposed algorithm stores the line-of-sight (LOS) wind data with each passing moment and uses recent and past LOS wind data in order to estimate the airflow vector. The recent and past LOS wind data are used to extrapolate the wind field between the airborne twin Lidars. Two numerical experiments – ideal vortex model and numerical weather prediction – were conducted to evaluate the estimation performance of the proposed method. The proposed method has much better performance than simple vector conversion in the two numerical experiments, and it can estimate accurate two-dimensional wind field distributions unlike simple vector conversion. The estimation performance and the computational cost of the proposed method can satisfy the performance demand for preview control.

Ryota Kikuchi et al.

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Ryota Kikuchi et al.

Ryota Kikuchi et al.

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Short summary
The control technique in a gust alleviation system by using the airborne Doppler Lidar is expected to minimize the risks of turbulence-related accidents. Accurate estimation of the vertical wind are important in the successful implementation of a gust alleviation system. An estimation algorithm of airflow vector based on the Lidars is proposed for preview control. The estimation performance and the computational cost of the proposed method can satisfy the performance demand for preview control.
The control technique in a gust alleviation system by using the airborne Doppler Lidar is...
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