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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-205
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-205
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  08 Sep 2020

08 Sep 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Real-time measurement of radionuclide concentrations and its impact on inverse modeling of 106Ru release in the fall of 2017

Ondřej Tichý1, Miroslav Hýža2, and Václav Šmídl1 Ondřej Tichý et al.
  • 1The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Information Theory and Automation, Prague, Czech Republic
  • 2National Radiation Protection Institute, Prague, Czech Republic

Abstract. Abstract Low concentrations of 106Ru were detected across Europe at the turn of September and October 2017. The origin of 106Ru has still not been confirmed; however, current studies agree that the release occurred probably near Mayak in the southern Urals. The source reconstructions are mostly based on an analysis of concentration measurements coupled with an atmospheric transport model. Since reasonable temporal resolution of concentration measurements is crucial for proper source term reconstruction, the standard one week sampling interval could be limiting. In this paper, we present an investigation of the usability of the newly developed AMARA and CEGAM real-time monitoring systems, which are based on the gamma-ray counting of aerosol filters. These high resolution data were used for inverse modeling of the 106Ru release. We perform backward runs of the Hysplit atmospheric transport model driven with meteorological data from the global forecast system (GFS) and we construct a source-receptor sensitivity (SRS) matrix for each grid cell of our domain. Then, we use our least-squares with adaptive prior covariance (LS-APC) method to estimate possible locations of the release and the source term of the release. On Czech monitoring data, the use of concentration measurements from the standard regime and from the real-time regime is compared and better source reconstruction for the real-time data is demonstrated in the sense of the location of the source and also the temporal resolution of the source. The estimated release location, Mayak, and the total estimated source term, 237 ± 107 TBq, are in agreement with previous studies. Finally, the results based on the Czech monitoring data are validated with the IAEA reported dataset with a much better spatial resolution, and the agreement between the IAEA dataset and our reconstruction is demonstrated.

Ondřej Tichý et al.

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Ondřej Tichý et al.

Ondřej Tichý et al.

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Latest update: 17 Sep 2020
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Short summary
We present an investigation of the usability of the newly developed real-time concentration monitoring systems, which are based on the gamma-ray counting of aerosol filters. These high resolution data were used for inverse modeling of the 106Ru release in 2017. Our inverse modeling results agree with previously published estimates and provide better temporal resolution of the estimates.
We present an investigation of the usability of the newly developed real-time concentration...
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