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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-278
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-278
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  28 Jul 2020

28 Jul 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Investigating the Dust Flux in the Meteoric Smoke Sampler (MESS) Instrument for Sampling Dust in the Mesosphere

Henriette Trollvik, Ingrid Mann, Sveinung Olsen, and Yngve Eilertsen Henriette Trollvik et al.
  • UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, 9019 Tromsø

Abstract. We report and discuss the design of a rocket instrument to collect mesospheric dust particles that are composed of ice and include smaller refractory meteoric smoke particles (MSP). We expect that the ice components melt and that MSP are collected. The instrument consists of a collection device with an opening and closure mechanism and an attached conic funnel. Attaching the funnel increases the sampling area in comparison to the collection area which is kept small since this determines the size of the closure device which is a critical component to be designed for sea recovery. The instrument will collect primary particles that directly hit the collection area and secondary particles that form from mesospheric dust hitting the funnel. We simulate the entry and impact of dust onto the detector considering their trajectories in the airflow and the fragmentation at the funnel. We estimate the collection efficiency of the instrument and the impact energy of particles at the collecting area. The design considered has a sampling area of 5 cm diameter and a collection area of 1.8 cm diameter. To estimate the expected amount of collected dust we assume collection during rocket flight through a 0.5 to 4 km dust layer with dust number densities and dust sizes at 85 km as derived from lidar observations (Kiliani et al., 2015). Assuming the collected particles contain 3 % volume fraction of MSP, we find that the instrument would collect of the order of 1014 to 1015 amu of refractory MSP particles. The estimate basis on the assumption that the ice components are melting and the flow conditions in the instruments are for typical atmospheric pressures at 85 km.

Henriette Trollvik et al.

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Henriette Trollvik et al.

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Short summary
We discuss the design of a rocket instrument to collect mesospheric dust consisting of ice with embedded non-volatile meteoric smoke particles. The instrument consists of a collection device and an attached conic funnel. We consider the dust trajectories in the airflow and fragmentation at the funnel. For summer atmospheric conditions at 85 km and assuming that the ice components vaporize we estimate that up to 1014 to 1015 amu of non-volatile dust material can be collected.
We discuss the design of a rocket instrument to collect mesospheric dust consisting of ice with...
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