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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-297
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-297
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  29 Sep 2020

29 Sep 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

PHIPS-HALO: the airborne particle habit imaging and polar scattering probe – Part 3: Single Particle Phase Discrimination and Particle Size Distribution based on Angular Scattering Function

Fritz Waitz1, Martin Schnaiter1,2, Thomas Leisner1, and Emma Järvinen1,3 Fritz Waitz et al.
  • 1Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • 2SchnaiTEC GmbH, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • 3National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO, USA

Abstract. A major challenge for for in-situ observations in mixed phase clouds remains the phase discrimination and sizing of cloud hydrometeors. In this work, we present a new method to determine the phase of individual cloud hydrometeors based on their angular light scattering behaviour employed by the PHIPS airborne cloud probe. The phase discrimination algorithm is based on the difference of distinct features in the angular scattering function of spherical and aspherical particles. The algorithm is calibrated and validated using a large data set gathered during two in-situ aircraft campaigns in the Arctic and outhern Ocean. Comparison of the algorithm with manually classified particles showed that we can confidently discriminate between spherical and aspherical particles with a 98 % accuracy. Furthermore, we present a method to derive particle size distributions based on single particle angular scattering data for particles in a size range from 100 μm < D < 700 μm and 20 μm < D < 700 μm for droplets and ice particles, respectively. The functionality of these methods is demonstrated in three representative case studies.

Fritz Waitz et al.

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Short summary
A major challenge in the observations of mixed-phase clouds remains the phase discrimination and sizing of cloud droplets and ice crystals, especially, for particles with diameters smaller than 0.1mm. Here, we present a new method to derive the phase and size of single cloud particles using their angular light scattering information. Comparisons with other in-situ instruments in three case studies show good agreement.
A major challenge in the observations of mixed-phase clouds remains the phase discrimination and...
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