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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-318
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-318
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  19 Aug 2020

19 Aug 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

New In Situ Aerosol Hyperspectral Optical Measurements over 300–700 nm, Part 2: Extinction, Total Absorption, Water- and Methanol-soluble Absorption observed during the KORUS-OC cruise

Carolyn E. Jordan1,2, Ryan M. Stauffer3, Brian T. Lamb4, Michael Novak3,5, Antonio Mannino3, Ewan C. Crosbie2,6, Gregory L. Schuster2, Richard H. Moore2, Charles H. Hudgins2, Kenneth L. Thornhill2,6, Edward L. Winstead2,6, Bruce E. Anderson2, Robert F. Martin2, Michael A. Shook2, Luke D. Ziemba2, Andreas J. Beyersdorf2,7, Claire E. Robinson2,6, Chelsea A. Corr2,8, and Maria A. Tzortziou3,4 Carolyn E. Jordan et al.
  • 1National Institute of Aerospace, Hampton, Virginia, USA
  • 2NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, USA
  • 3NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
  • 4City University of New York, New York, New York, USA
  • 5Science Systems and Applications Inc., Lanham, Maryland, USA
  • 6Science Systems and Applications Inc., Hampton, Virginia, USA
  • 7California State University, San Bernardino, California, USA
  • 8Springfield College, Springfield, Massachusetts, USA

Abstract. This two-part study explores hyperspectral (300–700 nm) aerosol optical measurements obtained from in situ sampling methods employed during the May–June 2016 Korea United States – Ocean Color (KORUS-OC) cruise conducted in concert with the broader air quality campaign (KORUS-AQ). Part 1 focused on the hyperspectral measurement of extinction coefficients (σext) using the recently developed in situ Spectral Aerosol Extinction (SpEx) instrument and showed that 2nd order polynomials provided a better fit to the measured spectra than power law fits. Two dimensional mapping of the 2nd order polynomial coefficients (a1,a2) was used to explore the information content of the spectra. Part 2 expands on that work by applying a similar analytical approach to filter-based measurements of aerosol hyperspectral total absorption (σabs) and soluble absorption from filters extracted either with deionized water (σDI-abs) or methanol (σMeOH-abs). As was found for σext, 2nd order polynomials provided a better fit to all three absorption spectra sets. Averaging the measured σext from Part 1 over the filter sampling intervals in this work, hyperspectral single scattering albedo (ω) was calculated. Water-soluble aerosol composition from the DI extracts was used to examine relationships with the various measured optical properties. In particular, both σDI-abs(365 nm) and σMeOH-abs(365 nm) were found to be best correlated with oxalate (C2O42−), but elevated soluble absorption was found from two chemically and optically distinct populations of aerosols. The more photochemically aged aerosols of those two groups exhibited partial spectra (i.e., the longer wavelengths of the spectral range were below detection) while the less-aged aerosol of the other group exhibited complete spectra across the wavelength range. The chromophores of these groups may have derived from different sources and/or atmospheric processes, such that photochemical age may have been only one factor contributing to the differences in the observed spectra. The differences in the spectral properties of these groups was evident in (a1,a2) maps. The results of the two-dimensional mapping shown in Parts 1 and 2 suggest that this spectral characterization may offer new methods to relate in situ aerosol optical properties to their chemical and microphysical characteristics. However, 2nd order polynomials did not fully capture the evident features in the σabs and ω spectra, suggesting additional spectral analyses such as peak fitting will yield additional information. It is anticipated that future studies examining in situ aerosol hyperspectral properties will not only improve our ability to use optical data to characterize aerosol physicochemical properties, but that such in situ tools will be needed to validate hyperspectral remote sensors planned for space-based observing platforms.

Carolyn E. Jordan et al.

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Short summary
In situ measurements of ambient atmospheric aerosol hyperspectral (300–700 nm) optical properties (extinction, total absorption, water- and methanol-soluble absorption) are reported. These observations provide a direct link between ambient aerosols optical properties and their physicochemical properties. An examination of distinct ambient aerosol populations observed around the Korean peninsula illustrates how coupled in situ observations are expected to advance the state of the science.
In situ measurements of ambient atmospheric aerosol hyperspectral (300–700 nm) optical...
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