Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-519
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2020-519

  19 Mar 2021

19 Mar 2021

Review status: this preprint was under review for the journal AMT. A revision for further review has not been submitted.

Characterizing and correcting the warm bias observed in AMDAR temperature observations

Siebren de Haan, Paul M. A. de Jong, and Jitze van der Meulen Siebren de Haan et al.
  • Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute(KNMI), Wilhelminalaan 10, De Bilt 3732 GK, The Netherlands

Abstract. Some aircraft temperature observations, retrieved through the Aircraft Meteorological Data Relay (AMDAR), suffer from a significant warm bias when comparing observations with numerical weather prediction (NWP) model. In this manuscript we show that this warm bias of AMDAR temperature can be characterized and consequently reduced substantially. The characterization of this warm bias is based on the methodology of measuring temperature with a moving sensor and can be split into two separate processes.

The first process depends on the flight phase of the aircraft and relates to difference of timing, as it appears that the time of measurement of altitude and temperature differ. When an aircraft is ascending or descending this will result in small bias in temperature due to the (on average) presence of an atmospheric temperature lapse rate.

The second process is related to internal corrections applied to pressure altitude without feedback to temperature observation measurement.

Based on NWP model temperature data combined with additional information on Mach number and true airspeed, we were able to estimate corrections using an 18 months period from January 2017 to July 2018. Next, the corrections were applied on AMDAR observations over the period from September 2018 to mid-December 2019. Comparing these corrected temperatures with (independent) radiosonde temperature observations demonstrates a reduction of the temperature bias from 0.5 K to around zero and reduction of standard deviation of almost 10 %.

Siebren de Haan et al.

Status: closed (peer review stopped)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2020-519', Mikhail Strunin, 29 Mar 2021
  • CC1: 'Comment on amt-2020-519', Bruce Ingleby, 05 May 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on amt-2020-519', Anonymous Referee #3, 06 Jun 2021

Status: closed (peer review stopped)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2020-519', Mikhail Strunin, 29 Mar 2021
  • CC1: 'Comment on amt-2020-519', Bruce Ingleby, 05 May 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on amt-2020-519', Anonymous Referee #3, 06 Jun 2021

Siebren de Haan et al.

Siebren de Haan et al.

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Short summary
AMDAR temperatures suffer from a bias which can be related to difference of timing of height and measurement, and to internal corrections applied to pressure altitude. Based on NWP model temperature data combined with Mach number and true airspeed, we were able to estimate corrections Comparing corrected temperatures with (independent) radiosonde observations demonstrates a reduction of the bias from 0.5 K to around zero and of standard deviation of almost 10 %.