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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  28 May 2020

28 May 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

A powerful lidar system capable of one-hour measurements of water vapour in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere as well as the temperature in the upper stratosphere and mesosphere

Lisa Klanner1, Katharina Höveler1, Dina Khordakova2, Matthias Perfahl1, Christian Rolf2, Thomas Trickl1, and Hannes Vogelmann1 Lisa Klanner et al.
  • 1Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Meteorologien und Klimaforschung (IMK-IFU), Kreuzeckbahnstr. 19, 82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
  • 2Forschungszentrum Jülich, IEK-7, Wilhelm-Johnen-Straße, 52425 Jülich, Germany

Abstract. A high-power Raman lidar system has been installed at the high-altitude research station Schneefernerhaus (Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany) at 2675 m a.s.l., at the side of an existing wide-range differential-absorption lidar (DIAL). An industrial XeCl laser was modified for linearly polarized single-line operation at an average power of about 180 W. This high power and a 1.5-m-diameter receiver allow us to extend the operating range for water-vapour sounding to 20 km within one hour, at an uncertainty level of the mixing ratio of 1 to 2 ppm. This was achieved for a vertical resolution varied between just 0.2 and 0.6 km in the stratosphere and could be improved for stronger smoothing. The lidar was successfully validated with a balloon-borne cryogenic frost-point hygrometer (CFH). In addition, temperature measurements to altitudes around 87 km were demonstrated for one hour of signal averaging. The system has been calibrated with the DIAL, the CFH and radiosondes.

Lisa Klanner et al.

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Lisa Klanner et al.

Lisa Klanner et al.


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Latest update: 08 Aug 2020
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
The importance of water vapour as the most influential greenhouse gas and for the air composition calls for detailed investigations. The details of the highly inhomogeneous distribution of water vapour can be determined with lidar, the very low concentrations at high altitudes imposing a major challenge. An existing water-vapour lidar in the Bavarian Alps was recently complemented by a powerful Raman lidar that provides water vapour up to 20 km and temperature up to 90 km with just one hour.
The importance of water vapour as the most influential greenhouse gas and for the air...