An adaptive echo attenuation correction method for airborne Ka-band precipitation cloud radar based on melting layer
Abstract. In this study, an airborne Ka-band Precipitation Cloud Radar (KPR) is used to carry out a cloud observation experiment.By analyzing the attenuation of the snow echo, it is found that during the snowfall, due to the low liquid water content, the KPR attenuation is small on the detection path, and after preliminary comparative analysis, the maximum attenuation correction value is 0.5 dBZ. According to the echo attenuation analysis of mixed precipitation, the melting layer is found to be the key factor affecting the attenuation correction. This study hereby proposes an adaptive echo attenuation correction method based on the melting layer (AEC), and uses the ground-based S-band radar to extract the echo on the aircraft trajectory to verify the correction results. The results show that the echo attenuation correction value above the melting layer is related to the flight position. The aircraft above the melting layer is dominated by ice particles, with small attenuation correction value, the maximum correction amount of 0.13 dBZ; when the aircraft is at and just below the melting layer, a water film is prone to be on the antenna, which leads to serious attenuation of the KPR detection path, with the attenuation correction value 1~2 dBZ. For the precipitation echo below the melting layer, due to the abundant rain and water vapor content, the KPR attenuation is significant with maximum correction value of about 5 dBZ. Compared with the S-band radar, before attenuation correction, the total mean relative error is 15 %, and the correlation coefficient is 0.82; after correction, the total mean relative error is 6 %, and the correlation coefficient is 0.90, indicating the significant improvement of the KPR data quality.
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