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<p>Based on the quality-controlled observational spectral width data of the Beijing Mesosphere–Stratosphere–Troposphere (MST) radar in the altitudinal range of 3–19.8 km from 2012 to 2014, this paper analyzes the relationship between the proportion of negative turbulent kinetic energy (N-TKE) and the horizontal wind speed/horizontal wind vertical shear domain, and gives the distributional characteristics of atmospheric turbulence parameters obtained by using different calculation models. Three calculation models of the spectral width method were used in this study—namely, the H model (Hocking, 1985), N-2D model (Nastrom, 1997) and D-H model (Dehghan and Hocking, 2011). The results showed that the proportion of N-TKE in the H model increases with the horizontal wind speed and/or the vertical shear of horizontal wind speed, up to 80 %. When the horizontal wind speed is greater than 40 m·s<sup>−1</sup>, the proportion of N-TKE in the H model is greater than 60 %, and thus the H model is not applicable. When the horizontal wind speed is greater than 20 m s<sup>−1</sup>, the proportion of N-TKE in the N-2D model and D-H model increases with the horizontal wind speed, independent of the vertical shear of the horizontal wind speed, and the maximum values are 2 % and 4 %, respectively. However, it is still necessary to consider the applicability of the N-2D model and D-H model in some weather processes with strong winds. The distributional characteristics with height of the turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate 𝜀 and the vertical eddy diffusion coefficient Kz derived by the three models are consistent with previous studies. Still, there are differences in the values of turbulence parameters. Also, the range resolution of the radar has little effect on the differences in the range of turbulence parameters' values. The median values of 𝜀 in the H model, N-2D model and D-H model are 10<sup>−3.2</sup>–10<sup>−2.8</sup> m<sup>2</sup> s<sup>−3</sup>, 10<sup>−2.8</sup>–10<sup>−2.4</sup> m<sup>2</sup> s<sup>−3</sup> and 10<sup>−3.0</sup>–10<sup>−2.5</sup> m<sup>2</sup> s<sup>−3</sup>, respectively. The median values of Kz in these three models are 10<sup>0.18</sup>–10<sup>0.67</sup> m<sup>2</sup> s<sup>−1</sup>, 10<sup>0.57</sup>–10<sup>0.90</sup> m<sup>2</sup> s<sup>−1</sup> and 10<sup>0.44</sup>–10<sup>0.74</sup> m<sup>2</sup> s<sup>−1</sup>.</p>