Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2021-65
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2021-65

  25 Mar 2021

25 Mar 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Estimation of ship emission rates at a major shipping lane by long path DOAS measurements

Kai Krause1, Folkard Wittrock1, Andreas Richter1, Stefan Schmitt3,4, Denis Pöhler3,4, Andreas Weigelt2, and John P. Burrows1 Kai Krause et al.
  • 1Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Germany
  • 2Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH), Hamburg, Germany
  • 3Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg, Germany
  • 4Airyx GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany

Abstract. Ships are an important source of SO2 and NOx, which are key parameters of air quality. Monitoring of ship emissions is usually carried out using in situ instruments on land, which depend on favourable wind conditions to transport the emitted substances to the measurement site. Remote sensing techniques such as long path DOAS (LP-DOAS) measurements can supplement those measurements, especially in unfavourable meteorological conditions. In this study one year of LP-DOAS measurements made across the river Elbe close to Hamburg (Germany) have been evaluated. Peaks (i.e. elevated concentrations) in the NO2 and SO2 time series were assigned to passing ships and a method to derive emission rates of SO2, NO2 and NOx from those measurements using a Gaussian plume model is presented. 7402 individual ship passages have been monitored and their respective NOx, SO2 and NO2 emission rates have been derived. The emission rates, coupled with the knowledge of the ship type, ship size and ship speed have been analysed. Emission rates are compared to emission factors from previous studies and show good agreement. In contrast to emission factors (in gram per kilogram fuel) the derived emission rates (in gram per second) do not need further knowledge about the fuel consumption of the ship. To our knowledge this is the first time emission rates of air pollutants from individual ships have been derived from LP-DOAS measurements.

Kai Krause et al.

Status: open (until 20 May 2021)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2021-65', Anonymous Referee #1, 07 Apr 2021 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on amt-2021-65', Anonymous Referee #2, 15 Apr 2021 reply

Kai Krause et al.

Kai Krause et al.

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Short summary
Ships are an important source of key pollutants. Usually, these are measured on-board the ship or on-coast using in situ instruments. This study shows how active optical remote sensing can be used to measure ship emissions and how to determine emission rates of individual ships out of those measurements. These emission rates are valuable input for the assessment of the influence of shipping emissions in regions close to the shipping lanes.