13 Jun 2022
13 Jun 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

SAGE III/ISS Ozone and NO2 Validation using Diurnal Scaling Factors

Sarah A. Strode1,2, Ghassan Taha1,2, Luke D. Oman2, Robert Damadeo3, David Flittner3, Mark Schoeberl4, Christopher E. Sioris5, and Ryan Stauffer2 Sarah A. Strode et al.
  • 1Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD, USA 21251
  • 2NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
  • 3NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA
  • 4Science and Technology Corporation, Columbia, MD, USA
  • 5Air Quality Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, Canada

Abstract. We developed a set of solar zenith angle, latitude- and altitude-dependent scaling factors to account for the diurnal variability in ozone and NO2 when comparing Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) III/ISS observations to observations from other times of day. The scaling factors are calculated as a function of solar zenith angle from the 4-dimensional output of a global atmospheric chemistry model simulation of 2017–2020 that shows good agreement with observed vertical profiles. Using a global atmospheric chemistry model allows us to account for both chemically and dynamically driven variability. Both year-specific scale factors and a multi-year monthly climatology are available to decrease the uncertainty in inter-instrument comparisons and allow consistent comparisons between observations from different times of day. We describe the variability in the shape of the diurnal scale factors as a function of space and time. The quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) appears to be a contributing factor to interannual variability in the NO2 scaling factors, leading to differences between years that switch sign with altitude. We show that application of these scaling factors improves the comparison between SAGE III/ISS and OSIRIS NO2, and between SAGE III/ISS and OMPS LP, OSIRIS and ACE-FTS ozone observations. The comparisons between SAGE III/ISS ozone for sunrise or sunset versus MLS daytime or nighttime observations are also more consistent when we apply the diurnal scaling factors. There is good agreement between SAGE III/ISS V5.2 ozone and correlative measurements, with differences within 5 % between 20–50 km when corrected for diurnal variability. Similarly, the SAGE III/ISS V5.2 NO2 agreement with correlative measurement is mostly within 10 %. While the scale factors were designed for use with SAGE III/ISS observations, they can easily be applied to other observation intercomparisons as well.

Sarah A. Strode et al.

Status: open (until 18 Jul 2022)

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Sarah A. Strode et al.

Sarah A. Strode et al.


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Short summary
We use a global atmospheric chemistry model simulation to generate scaling factors that account for the daily cycle of NO2 and ozone. These factors facilitate comparisons between sunrise and sunset observations from SAGE III/ISS and observations from other instruments. We provide the scaling factors as monthly zonal means for different latitudes and altitudes. We find that applying these factors yields more consistent comparisons between observations from SAGE III/ISS and other instruments.