26 Sep 2022
 | 26 Sep 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Drone-based meteorological observations up to the tropopause

Konrad Benedikt Bärfuss, Holger Schmithüsen, and Astrid Lampert

Abstract. The main in-situ data base for numerical weather prediction currently relies on radiosonde and airliner observations, with large data gaps above the oceans and in polar regions. These gaps might possibly be patched by measurements with drones, which provide a significant improvement towards environment friendly additional data, but so far have not been regarded as a feasible alternative of performing measurements in the upper troposphere. In this report, the development of a system that is capable of sounding the atmosphere under Antarctic and mid-European conditions is presented. After an assessment of the environmental conditions, the design of the system and the measurements are presented, including the process to get permissions for such flight tests in Europe. The feasibility of reaching an altitude of 10 km with a small meteorologically equipped drone is shown, and the first data are compared to radiosonde measurements. The article closes with an outlook on the potential use of drones for filling data gaps in the troposphere.

Konrad Benedikt Bärfuss et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2022-236', Anonymous Referee #1, 14 Nov 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Konrad Bärfuss, 11 Jan 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on amt-2022-236', Anonymous Referee #2, 17 Nov 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Konrad Bärfuss, 11 Jan 2023

Konrad Benedikt Bärfuss et al.

Konrad Benedikt Bärfuss et al.


Total article views: 499 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
307 174 18 499 9 8
  • HTML: 307
  • PDF: 174
  • XML: 18
  • Total: 499
  • BibTeX: 9
  • EndNote: 8
Views and downloads (calculated since 26 Sep 2022)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 26 Sep 2022)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 457 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 457 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
Latest update: 22 Feb 2023
Short summary
The first atmospheric soundings with an electrically powered small UAS up to an altitude of 10 km are presented, providing large potential to augment atmospheric observations and potentially fill observation gaps for numerical weather prediction. This is significant because of the needs of high resolution meteorological data, in particular in remote areas limited radiosonde measurements and limited aircraft based observation, and the need for reference data for satellite measurement calibration.