11 Nov 2022
11 Nov 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Diurnal carbon monoxide observed from a geostationary infrared hyperspectral sounder: First result from GIIRS onboard FY-4B

Zhao-Cheng Zeng1, Lu Lee2, and Chengli Qi2 Zhao-Cheng Zeng et al.
  • 1School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • 2Innovation Center for FengYun Meteorological Satellite, Key Laboratory of Radiometric Calibration and Validation for Environmental Satellites, National Satellite Meteorological Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China

Abstract. The Geostationary Interferometric Infrared Sounder (GIIRS) onboard FengYun-4 series satellites is the world’s first geostationary hyperspectral infrared sounder. With hyperspectral measurement covering the carbon monoxide (CO) absorption window around 2150 cm-1, GIIRS provides a unique opportunity for monitoring the diurnal variabilities of atmospheric CO over East Asia. In this study, we develop the FengYun Geostationary satellite Atmospheric Infrared Retrieval (FY-GeoAIR) algorithm to retrieve the CO profiles from FY-4B/GIIRS data and provide CO maps at a spatial resolution of 12 km and a temporal resolution of 2 hours. The performance of the algorithm is first evaluated by conducting retrieval experiments using simulated synthetic spectra. The result shows that the GIIRS data provide significant information for constraining CO profiles. The degree of freedom for signal (DOFS) and retrieval error are both significantly correlated with thermal contrast (TC), the temperature difference between the surface and the lower atmosphere. Retrieval results from one month of GIIRS spectra in July 2022 show that the DOFS for the majority is between 0.6 and 1.2 for the CO total column and between 0 and 0.25 for the bottom 0–1 km layer. Consistent with CO retrievals from low-earth-orbit (LEO) infrared sounders, the largest observation sensitivity, as quantified by the averaging kernel (AK), is in the free troposphere at around 3–6 km. The diurnal changes in DOFS and vertical sensitivity of observation are primarily driven by the diurnal TC variabilities. Finally, we compare the CO total columns between GIIRS and IASI and find that the two datasets show good consistency in capturing the daily variabilities. This study demonstrates the capability of GIIRS in observing the diurnal CO changes in East Asia, which will have great potential in improving local and global air quality and climate research.

Zhao-Cheng Zeng et al.

Status: open (until 24 Dec 2022)

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  • CC1: 'Comment on amt-2022-305', Mengqi Zhang, 21 Nov 2022 reply

Zhao-Cheng Zeng et al.

Data sets

Carbon Monoxide (CO) retrievals from GIIRS onboard FY-4B Zhao-Cheng Zeng

Zhao-Cheng Zeng et al.


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Short summary
Observations from geostationary orbit provide contiguous coverage with a high temporal resolution, representing an important advancement over current low-earth-orbit instruments. Using measurements from GIIRS onboard China's FengYun satellite, the world’s first geostationary hyperspectral infrared sounder, we showed the first results of diurnal CO in East Asia from a geostationary orbit, which will have great potential in improving local and global air quality and climate research.