Total Column Ozone Retrieval from Novel Array Spectroradiometer
- 1Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos, World Radiation Center (PMOD/WRC), 7260 Davos Dorf, Switzerland
- 2Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss, 1530 Payerne, Switzerland
Abstract. This study presents total column ozone (TCO) retrieval from a new system, called Koherent, developed at PMOD/WRC. The instrument is based on a small, cost effective, robust, low-maintenance and state-of-the-art technology array spectroradiometer. It consists of a BTS-2048-UV-S-F array spectroradiometer from Gigahertz-Optik GmbH, coupled with an optical fiber to a lens-based telescope mounted on a sun tracker for measuring direct UV irradiance in the ultraviolet wavelength band between 305 nm to 345 nm.
Two different algorithms are developed for retrieving TCO from these spectral measurements: 1) TCO retrieved by a minimal least squares fit algorithm (LSF) and 2) a Custom Double Ratio (CDR) technique using four specifically selected wavelengths from the spectral measurements. The double ratio technique is analogous to the retrieval algorithm applied for the Dobson and the Brewer but adopted and optimized here for TCO retrieval with Koherent. The instrument was calibrated in two different ways: a) absolute calibration of the spectra using the portable reference for ultraviolet radiation QASUME for the LSF retrieval and b) relative calibration of the extraterrestrial constant (ETC) of the CDR retrieval, by minimizing the slope between air mass and the relative differences of TCO from QASUME and Koherent. This adjustment of the ETC allows the instrument to be calibrated with standard TCO reference instruments during calibration campaigns, such as a double monochromator Brewer.
A two-year comparison in Davos, Switzerland, between Koherent and the Brewer 156 (double monochromator) shows that TCO derived from Koherent and the Brewer 156 agree in average over the entire period within less than 0.7 % for all retrievals in terms of offset. The performance in terms of slant path depends on the selected retrieval and the applied corrections. The stray light corrected LSF retrieval exhibits a smaller slant path dependency than the CDR retrieval and performs almost as for a double monochromator system. The slant path dependency of the CDR is comparable to the slant path dependency of a single Brewer monochromator. The combination of both retrievals leads to performance with an offset close to zero compared to Brewer 156, a seasonal amplitude of the relative difference of 0.08 % and a slant path dependency of maximum 1.64 %, which is similar as other standard TCO instruments such as single Brewer or Dobson.
Applying the double ratio technique by selecting the wavelengths and slit functions from Brewer and Dobson, respectively, allow to determine the effective ozone temperature within 3 K on daily averages. With the improved TCO retrieval, Koherent serves as a new low maintenance instrument to operationally monitor TCO at remote sites. The presented TCO retrieval may be applied to other array based spectroradiometers providing direct spectral measurements in the ultraviolet.
Luca Egli et al.
Luca Egli et al.
Luca Egli et al.
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