08 Mar 2023
 | 08 Mar 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

First-time comparison between NO2 vertical columns from GEMS and Pandora measurements

Serin Kim, Daewon Kim, Hyunkee Hong, Lim-Seok Chang, Hanlim Lee, Deok-Rae Kim, Donghee Kim, Jeong-Ah Yu, Dongwon Lee, Ukkyo Jeong, Chang-Kuen Song, Sang-Woo Kim, Sang Seo Park, Jhoon Kim, Thomas F. Hanisco, Junsung Park, Wonei Choi, and Kwangyul Lee

Abstract. The Geostationary Environmental Monitoring Spectrometer (GEMS) is a UV–visible spectrometer onboard the GEO-KOMPSAT-2B satellite launched into geostationary orbit in February 2020. To evaluate GEMS NO2 column data, comparison was carried out using NO2 vertical column density (VCD) measured using direct-sunlight observations by the Pandora spectrometer system at four sites in Seosan, South Korea, during November 2020 to January 2021. Correlation coefficients between GEMS and Pandora NO2 data at four sites ranged from 0.35 to 0.48, with root mean square errors (RMSEs) from 4.7 × 1015 molec. cm-2 to 5.5 × 1015 molec. cm-2 for cloud fraction (CF) < 0.7. Higher correlation coefficients of 0.62–0.78 with lower RMSEs from 3.3 × 1015 molec. cm-2 to 4.3 × 1015 molec. cm-2 were found with CF < 0.3, indicating the higher sensitivity of GEMS to atmospheric NO2 in less-cloudy conditions. Overall, GEMS NO2 column data tend to be lower than those of Pandora due to differences in representative spatial coverage, with a large negative bias under high-CF conditions. With correction for horizontal representativeness in Pandora measurement coverage, the correlation coefficients range from 0.69 to 0.81 with RMSEs from 3.2 × 1015 molec. cm-2 to 4.9 × 1015 molec. cm-2 were achieved for CF < 0.3, showing the better correlation with the correction than that without the correction.

Serin Kim et al.

Status: open (until 12 Apr 2023)

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Serin Kim et al.

Serin Kim et al.


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Short summary
A first evaluation of GEMS NO2 carried out via comparison with the NO2 data obtained from the ground-based Pandora direct-sun measurement at four sites in Seosan, Korea. Comparisons were performed according to GEMS cloud fraction and observed the correlations of the GEMS NO2 shows more good agreement against those of Pandora in a less cloudy condition. And mean correlations at the four sites increased when correction for horizontal representativeness considered.