Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2023-229
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2023-229
15 Jan 2024
 | 15 Jan 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Drone CO2 Measurements During the Tajogaite Volcanic Eruption

John Ericksen, Tobias Fischer, G. Matthew Fricke, Scott Nowicki, Nemesio Pérez, Pedro Hernández Pérez, Eleazar Padrón González, and Melanie Moses

Abstract. We report in-plume carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations and isotope ratios during an active eruption of the Tajogaite Volcano. CO2 measurements inform our understanding of volcanic contributions to the global climate carbon cycle, and the role of CO2 in eruptions. Traditional ground-based methods of CO2 collection are difficult and dangerous, as a result only 5 % of volcanoes have been surveyed. We demonstrate that Unpiloted Aerial System (UAS) surveys allow for fast and relatively safe measurements. Using CO2 concentration profiles we estimate total flux to be 1.19 × 106 to 2.80 × 107 t day−1. Isotope ratios indicated a deep magmatic source, consistent with the intensity of the eruption. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of UASs for CO2 surveys during active volcanic eruptions, particularly in calculating plume characteristics.

John Ericksen, Tobias Fischer, G. Matthew Fricke, Scott Nowicki, Nemesio Pérez, Pedro Hernández Pérez, Eleazar Padrón González, and Melanie Moses

Status: open (until 26 Mar 2024)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2023-229', Anonymous Referee #1, 08 Feb 2024 reply
    • CC1: 'Reply on RC1', G. Matthew Fricke, 08 Feb 2024 reply
John Ericksen, Tobias Fischer, G. Matthew Fricke, Scott Nowicki, Nemesio Pérez, Pedro Hernández Pérez, Eleazar Padrón González, and Melanie Moses
John Ericksen, Tobias Fischer, G. Matthew Fricke, Scott Nowicki, Nemesio Pérez, Pedro Hernández Pérez, Eleazar Padrón González, and Melanie Moses

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Short summary
Volcanic eruptions emit significant quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. We present a new method for directly determining the CO2 emission from a volcanic eruption using om La Palma Island, Spain using an unpiloted areal vehicle (UAV). We also collected samples of the emitted CO2 and analyzed their isotopic composition. Together with the emission rate the isotopic data provide valuable information on the state of volcanic activity and the potential evolution the eruption.