Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2023-242
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2023-242
22 Feb 2024
 | 22 Feb 2024
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

A New Non-linearity Correction Method for Spectrum from GIIRS onboard Fengyun-4 Satellites and its Preliminary Assessments

Qiang Guo, Yuning Liu, Xin Wang, and Wen Hui

Abstract. Non-linearity (NL) correction is a critical procedure to guarantee the calibration accuracy of a spaceborne sensor to approach a good level (i.e. better than 0.5 K). Unfortunately, such a NL correction is still unemployed in spectrum calibration of Geostationary Interferometric InfraRed Sounder (GIIRS) onboard Fengyun-4A (FY-4A) satellite. Different from the classical NL correction method where the NL coefficient is estimated from out-band spectral artifacts in an empirical low-frequency region originally with prelaunch results and updated under in-orbit condition, a new NL correction method for a spaceborne Fourier transform spectrometer (including GIIRS) is proposed. Particularly, the NL parameter μ independent of different working conditions (namely the thermal fields from environmental components) can be achieved from laboratory results before launch and directly utilized for in-orbit calibration. Moreover, to overcome the inaccurate linear coefficient from two-point calibration influencing the NL correction, an iteration algorithm is established to make both the linear and the NL coefficients to be converged to their stable values with the relative errors less than 0.5 % and 1 % respectively, which is universally suitable for NL correction of both infrared and microwave sensors. By using the onboard internal blackbody (BB) which is identical with the in-orbit calibration, the final calibration accuracy for both all the detectors and all the channels with the proposed NL correction method is validated to be around 0.2–0.3 K at an ordinary reference temperature of 305 K. Significantly, in the classical method, the relative error of NL parameter immediately transmitting to that of linear one in theory which will introduce some additional errors around 0.1–0.2 K for the interfered radiance inevitably, no longer exists. Moreover, the adopted internal BB with the higher emissivity will produce the better NL correction performance in practice. The proposed NL correction method is scheduled for implementation to GIIRS onboard FY-4A satellite and its successor after modifying their possible spectral response function variations.

Qiang Guo, Yuning Liu, Xin Wang, and Wen Hui

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2023-242', Anonymous Referee #1, 01 Mar 2024
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Qiang Guo, 07 Apr 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on amt-2023-242', Anonymous Referee #2, 05 Mar 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Qiang Guo, 07 Apr 2024
  • CC1: 'Comment on amt-2023-242', Shengbo Chen, 05 Mar 2024
    • AC3: 'Reply on CC1', Qiang Guo, 07 Apr 2024
  • CC2: 'Comment on amt-2023-242', Gerald Turner, 27 Mar 2024
    • AC4: 'Reply on CC2', Qiang Guo, 07 Apr 2024
Qiang Guo, Yuning Liu, Xin Wang, and Wen Hui
Qiang Guo, Yuning Liu, Xin Wang, and Wen Hui

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Short summary
Non-linearity (NL) correction is a critical procedure to guarantee the calibration accuracy of a spaceborne sensor to approach a good level. Different from the classical NL correction method, a new NL correction method for a spaceborne Fourier transform spectrometer is proposed. To overcome the inaccurate linear coefficient from two-point calibration influencing the NL correction, an iteration algorithm is established which is suitable for NL correction of both infrared and microwave sensors.