Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2023-258
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2023-258
05 Feb 2024
 | 05 Feb 2024
Status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal AMT and is expected to appear here in due course.

Applicability of the inverse dispersion method to measure emissions from animal housings

Marcel Bühler, Christoph Häni, Albrecht Neftel, Patrice Bühler, Christof Ammann, and Thomas Kupper

Abstract. Emissions from agricultural sources substantially contribute to global warming. The inverse dispersion method has been successfully used for emission measurement from various agricultural sources. The method has also been validated in multiple studies with artificial gas releases mostly on open fields. Release experiments from buildings have been very rare and were partly affected by additional nearby sources of the same gas. What is also lacking are specific release studies for naturally ventilated animal housings. In this study, a known and predefined amount of methane was released from an artificial source inside a barn that mimics a naturally ventilated dairy housing. For concentration measurements, open-path devices (OP) with a path length of 110 m were placed in downwind direction of the barn at a distance of 50 m, 100 m, 150 m, and 200 m and additionally, a 3D ultrasonic anemometer (UA) was placed in the middle of the OP paths at 50 m, 100 m and 150 m. Upwind of the barn, an additional OP and an UA were installed. The median recovery rates of the experiment depending on the used OP and UA combination ranged between 0.56–0.71. It is concluded that for the present study case, the effect of the building and a tree in the main wind axis led to a systematic underestimation of the inverse dispersion method derived emission rate probably due to deviations of the wind field and turbulent dispersion from the ideal assumptions.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Marcel Bühler, Christoph Häni, Albrecht Neftel, Patrice Bühler, Christof Ammann, and Thomas Kupper

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2023-258', Anonymous Referee #2, 07 Feb 2024
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Marcel Bühler, 07 May 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on amt-2023-258', Anonymous Referee #1, 20 Feb 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Marcel Bühler, 07 May 2024

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2023-258', Anonymous Referee #2, 07 Feb 2024
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Marcel Bühler, 07 May 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on amt-2023-258', Anonymous Referee #1, 20 Feb 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Marcel Bühler, 07 May 2024
Marcel Bühler, Christoph Häni, Albrecht Neftel, Patrice Bühler, Christof Ammann, and Thomas Kupper
Marcel Bühler, Christoph Häni, Albrecht Neftel, Patrice Bühler, Christof Ammann, and Thomas Kupper

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Short summary
Methane was released from an artificial source inside a barn to test the applicability of the inverse dispersion method (IDM). Multiple open-path concentration devices and ultrasonic anemometers were used at the site. It is concluded that for the present study case, the effect of a building and a tree in the main wind axis led to a systematic underestimation of the IDM derived emission rate probably due to deviations of the wind field and turbulent dispersion from the ideal assumptions.