15 Mar 2023
 | 15 Mar 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

A retrieval of xCO2 from ground-based mid-infrared NDACC solar absorption spectra and comparison to TCCON

Rafaella Chiarella, Matthias Buschmann, Joshua Laughner, Isamu Morino, Justus Notholt, Christof Petri, Geoffrey Toon, Voltaire A. Velazco, and Thorsten Warneke

Abstract. Two global networks of ground-based Fourier transform spectrometers are measuring abundances of atmospheric trace gases that absorb in the near and mid infrared, Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) and Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON). The first lacks a CO2 product, therefore this study focuses on developing a xCO2 retrieval method for NDACC from a spectral window in the 4800 cm−1 region. This retrieval will allow to extend ground-based measurements back in time, which we will demonstrate with historical data available from Ny-Ålesund. This region is covered by both TCCON and NDACC, which is an advantage for collocated comparisons where available. The results are compared with collocated TCCON measurements of column-averaged dry-air mole fractions of CO2 (denoted by xCO2) in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard and only TCCON in Burgos, Philippines. We found that it is possible to retrieve xCO2 from NDACC spectra with a precision from 0.2 % . The comparison between the new retrieval to TCCON showed that the sensitivity of the new retrieval is high in the troposphere and lower in the upper stratosphere, similar to TCCON, and that the seasonality is well captured. We determined an optimal retrieval setup covered in section 7.

Rafaella Chiarella et al.

Status: open (until 23 Apr 2023)

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Rafaella Chiarella et al.

Rafaella Chiarella et al.


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Short summary
A study with the goal to establish a window and strategy for xCO2 retrieval from ground-based Fourier transform spectrometers for NDACC. In the study we describe the spectroscopy of the region the locations and instruments used, the methods of calculating the retrieved xCO2, performed test to asses the sensitivity to diverse factors and sources of errors while comparing the retrieval to a well established xCO2 retrieval from TCCON