19 Mar 2024
 | 19 Mar 2024
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric (SAS-He): Design and Evaluation

Evgueni Kassianov, Connor Flynn, James Barnard, Brian Ermold, and Jennifer Comstock

Abstract. A novel ground-based radiometer, referred to as the Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric (SAS-He), is introduced. This radiometer uses the shadow band technique to report total irradiance and its direct and diffuse components frequently (every 30 sec) with continuous spectral coverage (350–1700 nm) and moderate spectral (~2.5 nm ultraviolet/visible, and ~6 nm shortwave-infrared) resolution. The SAS-He’s performance is evaluated using integrated datasets collected over coastal regions during three field campaigns supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, namely (1) Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP; Cape Cod, Massachusetts), (2) Tracking Aerosol Convection Interactions Experiment (TRACER; in and around Houston, Texas), and (3) Eastern Pacific Cloud Aerosol Precipitation Experiment (EPCAPE; La Jolla, California). We compare (i) aerosol optical depth (๐ด๐‘‚๐ท) and total optical depth (๐‘‡๐‘‚๐ท) derived from the direct irradiance, (ii) the diffuse irradiance and direct-to-diffuse ratio (๐ท๐ท๐‘…) calculated from two components of the total irradiance. As part of the evaluation, both ๐ด๐‘‚๐ท and ๐‘‡๐‘‚๐ท derived from the SASHe direct irradiance are compared to those provided by collocated Cimel sunphotometer (CSPHOT) at five (380, 440, 500, 675, 870 nm) and two (1020, 1640 nm) wavelengths, respectively. Additionally, the SAS-He diffuse irradiance and ๐ท๐ท๐‘… are contrasted with their counterparts offered by a collocated Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) at six (415, 500, 615, 675, 870, 1625 nm) wavelengths. Overall, reasonable agreement is demonstrated between the compared products despite the challenging observational conditions associated with varying aerosol loadings and diverse types of aerosols and clouds. The ๐ด๐‘‚๐ท- and ๐‘‡๐‘‚๐ท-related values of root-mean-square error are within the expected measurement uncertainty of ๐ด๐‘‚๐ท (0.01–0.02).

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Evgueni Kassianov, Connor Flynn, James Barnard, Brian Ermold, and Jennifer Comstock

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC โ€“ author | RC โ€“ referee | CC โ€“ community | EC โ€“ editor | CEC โ€“ chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2024-13', Anonymous Referee #1, 16 Apr 2024
  • RC2: 'Review of โ€œShortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric (SAS-He): Design and Evaluationโ€ by Kassianov et al.', Samuel LeBlanc, 16 Apr 2024
  • RC3: 'Comment on amt-2024-13', Anonymous Referee #3, 18 Apr 2024
Evgueni Kassianov, Connor Flynn, James Barnard, Brian Ermold, and Jennifer Comstock
Evgueni Kassianov, Connor Flynn, James Barnard, Brian Ermold, and Jennifer Comstock


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Short summary
Conventional ground-based radiometers commonly measure solar radiation at a few wavelengths within a narrow spectral range. These limitations prevent improved retrievals of aerosol, cloud, and surface characteristics. To address these limitations, an advanced ground-based radiometer with expanded spectral coverage and hyperspectral capability is introduced. Its good performance is demonstrated using reference data collected over three coastal regions with diverse types of aerosols and clouds.