Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2024-14
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2024-14
19 Feb 2024
 | 19 Feb 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

High precision δ18O measurements of atmospheric dioxygen using optical-feedback cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy (OF-CEAS)

Clément Piel, Daniele Romanini, Morgane Farradèche, Justin Chaillot, Clémence Paul, Nicolas Bienville, Thomas Lauwers, Joana Sauze, Kévin Jaulin, Frédéric Prié, and Amaëlle Landais

Abstract. Atmospheric dioxygen concentration and isotopic composition are closely linked to the carbon cycle through anthropic CO2 emissions and biological processes such as photosynthesis and respiration. Measurement of isotopic ratio of atmospheric dioxygen, trapped in ice core bubbles, bring information about past variation in the hydrological cycle at low latitudes, as well as past productivity. Currently, the interpretation of those variations could be drastically improved with a better (i.e. quantitative) knowledge of the oxygen fractionation that occur during photosynthesis and respiration processes. This could be achieved, for example, during experiment using closed- biological chambers. In order to estimate the fractionation coefficient with a good precision, one of the principal limitations is the need of high frequency on-line measurements of δ18O of O2 and O2 concentration. To address this issue, we developed a new instrument, based on the OF-CEAS (Optical-Feedback Cavity-Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy) technique, enabling high temporal resolution and continuous measurements of dioxygen concentration as well as δ18O of O2, both simultaneously. Minimum of Allan deviation occurred between 10 and 20 minutes while precision reached 0.002 % for O2 concentration and 0.06 ‰ for δ18O of O2, which correspond to the optimal integration time and analytical precision before drift start degrading the measurements. While humidity did not affect much the measured values, O2 concentration had an influence on δ18O of O2, which should hence be quantified. To ensure good quality of O2 concentration and δ18O of O2 measurements we eventually proposed to measure calibration standard every 20 minutes.

Clément Piel, Daniele Romanini, Morgane Farradèche, Justin Chaillot, Clémence Paul, Nicolas Bienville, Thomas Lauwers, Joana Sauze, Kévin Jaulin, Frédéric Prié, and Amaëlle Landais

Status: open (until 29 Apr 2024)

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Clément Piel, Daniele Romanini, Morgane Farradèche, Justin Chaillot, Clémence Paul, Nicolas Bienville, Thomas Lauwers, Joana Sauze, Kévin Jaulin, Frédéric Prié, and Amaëlle Landais
Clément Piel, Daniele Romanini, Morgane Farradèche, Justin Chaillot, Clémence Paul, Nicolas Bienville, Thomas Lauwers, Joana Sauze, Kévin Jaulin, Frédéric Prié, and Amaëlle Landais

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Short summary
This paper introduces a new optical gas analyzer based on the Optical-Feedback Cavity-Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy technique (OF-CEAS) enabling high temporal resolution and high precision measurement of δ18O and concentration of atmospheric O2. The results underscore the good agreement with dual inlet IRMS measurements and the ability of the instrument to monitor biological processes.