28 Mar 2024
 | 28 Mar 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Thermal tides in the middle atmosphere at mid-latitudes measured with a ground-based microwave Radiometer

Witali Krochin, Axel Murk, and Gunter Stober

Abstract. In recent decades, theoretical studies and numerical models of thermal tides have gained attention. It has been recognized that tides have a significant influence on the dynamics of the middle and upper atmosphere, as they grow in amplitude and propagate upwards, they transport energy and momentum from the lower to the upper atmosphere, contributing to the vertical coupling between atmospheric layers. The superposition of tides with other atmospheric waves leads to non-linear wave-wave interactions. However, direct measurements of thermal tides in the middle atmosphere are challenging and often are limited to satellite measurements at the tropics and low latitudes. Due to the orbit geometry such observations provide only a reduced insight into the short-term variability of atmospheric tides. In this manuscript, we present tidal analysis from 5 years of continuous observations of middle atmospheric temperatures. The measurements were performed with the ground-based temperature radiometer TEMPERA, which was developed at the University of Bern in 2013 and was located partially in Bern (46.95° N, 7.45° E) and Payerne (46.82° N, 6.94° E). TEMPERA achieves a temporal resolution of 1–3 h and covered the altitude range between 25–55 km. Using an adaptive spectral filter with a vertical regularization (ASF2D) for the tidal analysis, we found maximum amplitudes for the diurnal tide of approximately 2.4 K accompanied by seasonal variability. The maximum amplitude was reached on average at an altitude of 43 km, which also reflected some seasonal characteristics. We demonstrate ;that TEMPERA is suitable to provide continuous temperature soundings at the stratosphere and lower mesosphere with a sufficient cadence to infer tidal amplitudes and phases for the dominating tidal modes. Furthermore, our measurements exhibit a dominating diurnal tide and smaller amplitudes for the semidiurnal and terdiurnal tides at the stratosphere.

Witali Krochin, Axel Murk, and Gunter Stober

Status: open (until 21 May 2024)

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Witali Krochin, Axel Murk, and Gunter Stober
Witali Krochin, Axel Murk, and Gunter Stober


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Short summary
Atmospheric tides are global-scale oscillations with periods of a fraction of a day. Their observation in the middle atmosphere is challenging and rare, as it requires continuous measurements with a high temporal resolution. In this manuscript, temperature time series of a ground-based microwave radiometer were analyzed with a spectral filter to derive thermal tide amplitudes and phases in an altitude range of 20–50 km at the geographical location of Payerne (Switzerland).