Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2024-48
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2024-48
04 Apr 2024
 | 04 Apr 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Multiphysical description of atmospheric pressure interface chemical ionisation in MION2 and Eisele type inlets

Henning Finkenzeller, Jyri Mikkilä, Cecilia Righi, Paxton Juuti, Mikko Sipilä, Matti Rissanen, Douglas Worsnop, Aleksei Shcherbinin, Nina Sarnela, and Juha Kangasluoma

Abstract. Chemical ionisation inlets are fundamental instrument components in chemical ionisation mass spectrometry (CIMS). However, the sample gas and reagent ion trajectories are often understood only in a general and qualitative manner. Here we evaluate two atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation inlets (MION2 and Eisele type inlet) with computational fluid dynamics 3D physico-chemical models regarding the reagent ion and sample gas trajectories and estimate their efficiencies of reagent ion production, reagent ion delivery from the ion source volume into the ion–molecule mixing region, and the interaction between reagent ions and target molecules. The models are validated by laboratory measurements and quantitatively reproduce observed sensitivities to tuning parameters, including ion currents and changes in mass spectra. The study elucidates how the different transport and chemical reactions proceed within the studied inlets, that space charge can already be relevant at ion concentrations of as low as 107 cm−3, and compares the two investigated inlet models. The models provide insights into how to operate the inlets and will help in the development of future inlets that further enhance the capability of CIMS.

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Henning Finkenzeller, Jyri Mikkilä, Cecilia Righi, Paxton Juuti, Mikko Sipilä, Matti Rissanen, Douglas Worsnop, Aleksei Shcherbinin, Nina Sarnela, and Juha Kangasluoma

Status: open (until 27 Jun 2024)

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Henning Finkenzeller, Jyri Mikkilä, Cecilia Righi, Paxton Juuti, Mikko Sipilä, Matti Rissanen, Douglas Worsnop, Aleksei Shcherbinin, Nina Sarnela, and Juha Kangasluoma
Henning Finkenzeller, Jyri Mikkilä, Cecilia Righi, Paxton Juuti, Mikko Sipilä, Matti Rissanen, Douglas Worsnop, Aleksei Shcherbinin, Nina Sarnela, and Juha Kangasluoma

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Short summary
Chemical ionization mass spectrometry is used in atmospheric sciences to measure trace gas concentrations. Neutral gases require charging in inlets before the mass-to-charge ratio of the resulting ions can be analyzed. This study uses multi-physics modelling to investigate how the MION2 and Eisele type inlets work, shows the effect of tuning parameters, and their current limitations. The findings are helpful for the inlet users and are expected to aid in developing improved inlets.