Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2024-67
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2024-67
17 Apr 2024
 | 17 Apr 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Atmospheric propane (C3H8) column retrievals from ground-based FTIR observations at Xianghe, China

Minqiang Zhou, Pucai Wang, Bart Dils, Bavo Langerock, Geoff Toon, Christian Hermans, Weidong Nan, Qun Cheng, and Martine DeMaziere

Abstract. Propane (C3H8) is an important trace gas in the atmosphere, as it is a proxy for oil and gas production and has a significant impact on atmospheric chemical reactions related to the hydroxyl radical and tropospheric ozone formation. In this study, solar direct absorption spectra near 2967 cm−1 recorded by a ground-based Fourier Transform InfraRed spectrometer (FTIR) are applied to retrieve C3H8 total columns between June 2018 and July 2022 at Xianghe in North China. The systematic and random uncertainties of the C3H8 column retrieval are estimated to be 18.2 % and 18.1 %, respectively. The mean and standard deviation of the C3H8 columns derived from the FTIR spectra at Xianghe are 1.80±0.81(1σ) × 1015 molecules / cm2. Good correlations are found between C3H8 and other non-methane hydrocarbons, such as C2H6 (R=0.84) and C2H2 (R=0.79), as well as between C3H8 and CO (R=0.72). However, the correlation between C3H8 and CH4 is relatively weak (R=0.45). The FTIR C3H8 measurements are also compared against two atmospheric chemical transport model simulations (the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) and the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS)). We find that the C3H8 columns from both models have different seasonal variations as compared to the FTIR measurements. Moreover, the mean C3H8 columns derived from the WACCM and CAMS models are about 68 % larger than the FTIR retrievals. The new FTIR measurements at Xianghe provide us an insight into the C3H8 column variations and underlying processes in North China.

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Minqiang Zhou, Pucai Wang, Bart Dils, Bavo Langerock, Geoff Toon, Christian Hermans, Weidong Nan, Qun Cheng, and Martine DeMaziere

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on amt-2024-67', Anonymous Referee #1, 29 Apr 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on amt-2024-67', Anonymous Referee #2, 08 May 2024
  • RC3: 'Comment on amt-2024-67', Anonymous Referee #3, 19 May 2024
Minqiang Zhou, Pucai Wang, Bart Dils, Bavo Langerock, Geoff Toon, Christian Hermans, Weidong Nan, Qun Cheng, and Martine DeMaziere
Minqiang Zhou, Pucai Wang, Bart Dils, Bavo Langerock, Geoff Toon, Christian Hermans, Weidong Nan, Qun Cheng, and Martine DeMaziere

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Short summary
Solar absorption spectra near 2967 cm−1 recorded by a ground-based FTIR with a high spectral resolution of 0.0035 cm-1 are applied to retrieve C3H8 columns for the first time at Xianghe, China, within the NDACC-IRWG. The mean and standard deviation of the C3H8 columns are 1.80±0.81(1σ) × 10 molecules / cm2. Good correlations are found between C3H8 and other non-methane hydrocarbons, such as C2H6 (R=0.84) and C2H2 (R=0.79), as well as between C3H8 and CO (R=0.72).