Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2024-78
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2024-78
13 May 2024
 | 13 May 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AMT.

Description and validation of the Japanese algorithm for radiative flux and heating rate products with all four EarthCARE instruments: Pre-launch test with A-Train

Akira Yamauchi, Kentaroh Suzuki, Eiji Oikawa, Miho Sekiguchi, Takashi Nagao, and Haruma Ishida

Abstract. This study developed the Level 2 (L2) atmospheric radiation flux and heating rate product by a Japanese team for Earth Clouds, Aerosols, and Radiation Explorer (EarthCARE). This product offers vertical profiles of downward and upward longwave (LW) and shortwave (SW) radiative fluxes and their atmospheric heating rates. This paper describes the algorithm developed for generating products, including the atmospheric radiative transfer model and input datasets, and its validation against measurement data of radiative fluxes. In the testing phase before the EarthCARE launch, we utilized A-Train data that provided input and output variables analogous to EarthCARE, so that the developed algorithm could be directly applied to EarthCARE after its launch. The results include comparisons of radiative fluxes between radiative transfer simulations and satellite/ground-based observations that quantify errors in computed radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere against Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) observations and their dependence on cloud type with varying thermodynamic phases. For SW fluxes, the bias was 24.4 Wm-2, and the root mean square error (RMSE) was 36.3 Wm-2 relative to the CERES observations at spatial and temporal scales of 5° and 1 month, respectively. On the other hand, LW exhibits a bias of -10.7 Wm-2 and an RMSE of 14.2 Wm-2. When considering different cloud phases, the SW water cloud exhibited a bias of -11.7 Wm-2 and an RMSE of 46.2 Wm-2, while the LW showed a bias of 0.8 Wm-2 and an RMSE of 6.0 Wm-2. When ice clouds were included, the SW bias ranged from 58.7 to 81.5 Wm-2 and the RMSE from 72.8 to 91.6 Wm-2 depending on the ice-containing cloud types, while the corresponding LW bias ranged from -8.8 to -28.4 Wm-2 and the RMSE from 25.9 to 31.8 Wm-2, indicating that the primary source of error was ice-containing clouds. The comparisons were further extended to various spatiotemporal scales to investigate the scale dependency of the flux errors. The SW component of this product exhibited an RMSE of approximately 30 Wm-2 at spatial and temporal scales of 40° and 40 days, respectively, whereas the LW component did not show a significant decrease in RMSE with increasing spatiotemporal scale. Radiative transfer simulations were also compared with ground-based observations of the surface downward SW and LW radiative fluxes at selected locations. The results show that the bias and RMSE for SW are -17.6 Wm-2 and 172.0 Wm-2, respectively, which are larger than those for LW that are -5.6 Wm-2 and 19.0 Wm-2, respectively.

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Akira Yamauchi, Kentaroh Suzuki, Eiji Oikawa, Miho Sekiguchi, Takashi Nagao, and Haruma Ishida

Status: open (until 18 Jun 2024)

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Akira Yamauchi, Kentaroh Suzuki, Eiji Oikawa, Miho Sekiguchi, Takashi Nagao, and Haruma Ishida
Akira Yamauchi, Kentaroh Suzuki, Eiji Oikawa, Miho Sekiguchi, Takashi Nagao, and Haruma Ishida

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Short summary
A Japanese team developed the Level 2 atmospheric radiation flux and heating rate product for EarthCARE, which offers vertical profiles of longwave and shortwave radiative fluxes and heating rates. This study outlines the algorithm for the radiative product and its comparative validation against satellite and ground-based observations. It also analyzes errors in radiative fluxes at various scales and their dependence on cloud type, with ice-containing clouds identified as a primary error source.