Cloud detection in all-sky images via multi-scale neighborhood features and multiple supervised learning techniques
- 1Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Central University, No. 300 Jhongda Rd., Jhongli City, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan
- 2Department of Electronic Engineering, Hwa Hsia University of Technology, New Taipei City, Taiwan
Abstract. Cloud detection is important for providing necessary information such as cloud cover in many applications. Existing cloud detection methods include red-to-blue ratio thresholding and other classification-based techniques. In this paper, we propose to perform cloud detection using supervised learning techniques with multi-resolution features. One of the major contributions of this work is that the features are extracted from local image patches with different sizes to include local structure and multi-resolution information. The cloud models are learned through the training process. We consider classifiers including random forest, support vector machine, and Bayesian classifier. To take advantage of the clues provided by multiple classifiers and various levels of patch sizes, we employ a voting scheme to combine the results to further increase the detection accuracy. In the experiments, we have shown that the proposed method can distinguish cloud and non-cloud pixels more accurately compared with existing works.