Articles | Volume 12, issue 9
Research article
25 Sep 2019
Research article |  | 25 Sep 2019

A new discrete wavelength backscattered ultraviolet algorithm for consistent volcanic SO2 retrievals from multiple satellite missions

Bradford L. Fisher, Nickolay A. Krotkov, Pawan K. Bhartia, Can Li, Simon A. Carn, Eric Hughes, and Peter J. T. Leonard

Data sets

TOMS/N7 MS SO2 Vertical Column 1-Orbit L2 Swath 50x50 km V3, Greenbelt N. A. Krotkov, P. K. Bhartia, B. Fisher, and P. Leonard

Short summary
This article describes a new discrete wavelength algorithm, MS_SO2, which has been used operationally to retrieve global daily volcanic SO2 vertical column densities and the UV volcanic ash index from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) data collected by NASA’s Nimbus-7 satellite from 1978 to 1991. We examine the sensitivity of the algorithm to the detection of SO2, evaluate potential sources of error and compare results from MS_SO2 with the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) algorithm.