The detection of carbon dioxide leaks using quasi-tomographic laser absorption spectroscopy measurements in variable wind
- 1National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20899, USA
- 2Harris Corp., 1919 W. Cook Road, Ft. Wayne, Indiana, 46801, USA
- 3Atmospheric and Environmental Research, 131 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, Massachusetts, 02421, USA
Abstract. Laser absorption spectroscopy (LAS) has been used over the last several decades for the measurement of trace gasses in the atmosphere. For over a decade, LAS measurements from multiple sources and tens of retroreflectors have been combined with sparse-sample tomography methods to estimate the 2-D distribution of trace gas concentrations and underlying fluxes from point-like sources. In this work, we consider the ability of such a system to detect and estimate the position and rate of a single point leak which may arise as a failure mode for carbon dioxide storage. The leak is assumed to be at a constant rate giving rise to a plume with a concentration and distribution that depend on the wind velocity. We demonstrate the ability of our approach to detect a leak using numerical simulation and also present a preliminary measurement.