Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-341
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2019-341
30 Sep 2019
 | 30 Sep 2019
Status: this preprint was under review for the journal AMT but the revision was not accepted.

Sulphur mass balance and radiative forcing estimation for a moderate volcanic eruption using new sulphate aerosols retrievals based on IASI observations

Henda Guermazi, Pasquale Sellitto, Juan Cuesta, Maxim Eremenko, Mathieu Lachatre, Sylvain Mailler, Elisa Carboni, Giuseppe Salerno, Tommaso Caltabiano, Laurent Menut, Mohamed Moncef Serbaji, Farhat Rekhiss, and Bernard Legras

Abstract. We developed a new retrieval algorithm based on the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) observations, called AEROIASI-Sulphates, to measure vertically-resolved sulphate aerosols (SA) extinction and mass concentration profiles, with limited theoretical uncertainties (typically ~25 % total uncertainty for SA mass column estimations). The algorithm, based on a self-adapting Tikhonov-Phillips regularization method, is applied to a medium-sized-intensity eruption of Mount Etna volcano (18 March 2012). Comparisons with simultaneous and independent SO2 plume observations and simulations show that AEROIASI-Sulphates correctly identifies the volcanic plume morphology both horizontally and vertically. This method provided, for the first time, crucial information pieces to describe the gaseous-to-particulate volcanic sulphur mass balance (60 % of the injected sulphur mass is converted to particulate matter, after ~24 hours) and to estimate the regional shortwave direct radiative forcing (a regional forcing of −0.8 W/m2 is exerted in the eastern Mediterranean) for moderate volcanic eruptions.

Henda Guermazi et al.

 
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Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Henda Guermazi et al.

Henda Guermazi et al.

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