Spatial estimation of air PM2.5 emissions using activity data, local emission factors and land cover derived from satellite imagery
- 1Institute of Environmental Science and Meteorology, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, Philippines
- 2International Environmental Research Institute, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, 500-712 Gwangju, South Korea
Abstract. Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is a serious environmental problem in many urban areas on Earth. In the Philippines, most existing studies and emission inventories have mainly focused on point and mobile sources, while research involving human exposures to particulate pollutants is rare. This paper presents a method for estimating the amount of fine particulate (PM2.5) emissions in a test study site in the city of Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija, in the Philippines, by utilizing local emission factors, regionally procured data, and land cover/land use (activity data) interpreted from satellite imagery. Geographic information system (GIS) software was used to map the estimated emissions in the study area. The present results suggest that vehicular emissions from motorcycles and tricycles, as well as fuels used by households (charcoal) and burning of agricultural waste, largely contribute to PM2.5 emissions in Cabanatuan. Overall, the method used in this study can be applied in other small urbanizing cities, as long as on-site specific activity, emission factor, and satellite-imaged land cover data are available.