Articles | Volume 11, issue 4
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-2051-2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-2051-2018
Research article
 | 
11 Apr 2018
Research article |  | 11 Apr 2018

Evaluating the lower-tropospheric COSMIC GPS radio occultation sounding quality over the Arctic

Xiao Yu, Feiqin Xie, and Chi O. Ao

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Short summary
Atmospheric observations from GPS receiver satellites offer uniform spatial coverage over the Arctic. The GPS profiles sensing deep into the lowest 300 m of the atmosphere only reach 50–60 % in summer but over 70 % in other seasons. The profile uncertainty due to different data centers is within 0.07 % in refractivity, 0.72 K in temperature, and 0.05 g kg-1 in humidity below 10 km. A systematic negative bias of 1 % in refractivity below 2 km is only seen in the summer due to moisture impact.