Articles | Volume 15, issue 24
Research article
14 Dec 2022
Research article |  | 14 Dec 2022

Volcanic cloud detection using Sentinel-3 satellite data by means of neural networks: the Raikoke 2019 eruption test case

Ilaria Petracca, Davide De Santis, Matteo Picchiani, Stefano Corradini, Lorenzo Guerrieri, Fred Prata, Luca Merucci, Dario Stelitano, Fabio Del Frate, Giorgia Salvucci, and Giovanni Schiavon

Data sets

Sentinel-3 SLSTR and MODIS satellite images of Raikoke 2019 and Eyjafjallajökull 2010 eruptions Ilaria Petracca and Davide De Santis

Short summary
The authors propose a near-real-time procedure for the detection of volcanic clouds by means of Sentinel-3 satellite data and neural networks. The algorithm results in an automatic image classification where ashy pixels are distinguished from other surfaces with remarkable accuracy. The model is considerably faster if compared to other approaches which are time consuming, case specific, and not automatic. The algorithm can be significantly helpful for emergency management during eruption events.