Articles | Volume 17, issue 5
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-17-1475-2024
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-17-1475-2024
Research article
 | 
11 Mar 2024
Research article |  | 11 Mar 2024

Quantifying riming from airborne data during the HALO-(AC)3 campaign

Nina Maherndl, Manuel Moser, Johannes Lucke, Mario Mech, Nils Risse, Imke Schirmacher, and Maximilian Maahn

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Latest update: 28 May 2024
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Short summary
In some clouds, liquid water droplets can freeze onto ice crystals (riming). Riming leads to the formation of snowflakes. We show two ways to quantify riming using aircraft data collected in the Arctic. One aircraft had a cloud radar, while the other aircraft was measuring directly in cloud. The first method compares radar and direct observations. The second looks at snowflake shape. Both methods agree, except when there were gaps in the cloud. This improves our ability to understand riming.