Articles | Volume 8, issue 1
Research article
12 Jan 2015
Research article |  | 12 Jan 2015

Case study on complex sporadic E layers observed by GPS radio occultations

X. Yue, W. S. Schreiner, Z. Zeng, Y.-H. Kuo, and X. Xue


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Short summary
The occurrence of sporadic E (Es) layers has been a hot scientific topic for a long time. GNSS (global navigation satellite system)-based radio occultation (RO) has proven to be a powerful technique for detecting the global Es layers. In this paper, we show some examples of multiple Es layers occurring in one RO event and the occurrence of Es in a broad region during a certain time interval. The results are then evaluated by independent observations such as lidar and ionosondes.