Articles | Volume 11, issue 3
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 1333–1346, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-1333-2018

Special issue: Observing Atmosphere and Climate with Occultation Techniques...

Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 1333–1346, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-1333-2018

Research article 06 Mar 2018

Research article | 06 Mar 2018

Atmospheric QBO and ENSO indices with high vertical resolution from GNSS radio occultation temperature measurements

Hallgeir Wilhelmsen et al.

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Latest update: 28 Sep 2021
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Short summary
Tropical atmospheric variability is often described using proxy indices of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation. We introduce new proxies derived from GNSS radio occultation (RO) satellite measurements. Using the high vertical resolution of the RO temperature fields we obtain altitude-resolved indices which can improve the description of atmospheric variability patterns and can be used in climate studies where a detailed knowledge of these patterns is required.