Articles | Volume 11, issue 3
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 1333–1346, 2018

Special issue: Observing Atmosphere and Climate with Occultation Techniques...

Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 1333–1346, 2018
Research article
 | Highlight paper
06 Mar 2018
Research article  | Highlight paper | 06 Mar 2018

Atmospheric QBO and ENSO indices with high vertical resolution from GNSS radio occultation temperature measurements

Hallgeir Wilhelmsen et al.

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Cited articles

Angerer, B., Ladstädter, F., Scherllin-Pirscher, B., Schwärz, M., Steiner, A. K., Foelsche, U., and Kirchengast, G.: Quality aspects of the Wegener Center multi-satellite GPS radio occultation record OPSv5.6, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 4845–4863,, 2017. a
Baldwin, M. P., Gray, L. J., Dunkerton, T. J., Hamilton, K., Haynes, P. H., Randel, W. J., Holton, J. R., Alexander, M. J., Hirota, I., Horinouchi, T., Jones, D. B. A., Kinnersley, J. S., Marquardt, C., Sato, K., and Takahashi, M.: The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation, Rev. Geophys., 39, 179–229, 2001. a, b, c
Blunden, J. and Arndt, D. S.: State of the Climate in 2015, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 97, Si–S275,, 2016. a
Christiansen, B., Yang, S., and Madsen, M. S.: Do strong warm ENSO events control the phase of the stratospheric QBO?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 10489–10495,, 2016. a
Coy, L., Newman, P. A., Pawson, S., and Lait, L. R.: Dynamics of the Disrupted 2015/16 Quasi-Biennial Oscillation, J. Climate, 30, 5661–5674,, 2017. a
Short summary
Tropical atmospheric variability is often described using proxy indices of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation. We introduce new proxies derived from GNSS radio occultation (RO) satellite measurements. Using the high vertical resolution of the RO temperature fields we obtain altitude-resolved indices which can improve the description of atmospheric variability patterns and can be used in climate studies where a detailed knowledge of these patterns is required.