Articles | Volume 14, issue 4
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 3131–3151, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-3131-2021
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 3131–3151, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-14-3131-2021
Research article
28 Apr 2021
Research article | 28 Apr 2021

Development of the drop Freezing Ice Nuclei Counter (FINC), intercomparison of droplet freezing techniques, and use of soluble lignin as an atmospheric ice nucleation standard

Anna J. Miller et al.

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Latest update: 01 Feb 2023
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Short summary
To characterize atmospheric ice nuclei, we present (1) the development of our home-built droplet freezing technique (DFT), which involves the Freezing Ice Nuclei Counter (FINC), (2) an intercomparison campaign using NX-illite and an ambient sample with two other DFTs, and (3) the application of lignin as a soluble and commercial ice nuclei standard with three DFTs. We further compiled the growing number of DFTs in use for atmospheric ice nucleation since 2000 and add FINC.