Articles | Volume 17, issue 8
Research article
 | Highlight paper
18 Apr 2024
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 18 Apr 2024

Quantitative imaging of carbon dioxide plumes using a ground-based shortwave infrared spectral camera

Marvin Knapp, Ralph Kleinschek, Sanam N. Vardag, Felix Külheim, Helge Haveresch, Moritz Sindram, Tim Siegel, Bruno Burger, and André Butz


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Executive editor
Following the handling editor recommendation, the manuscript presents innovative analysis of a ground-based imaging experiment using a shortwave infrared spectral camera to quantify carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from a coal-fired power plant. The innovation of the manuscript is to use low spectral resolution (7nm) imaging spectroscopy to measure CO2 plume structure and estimate emission amounts from chimneys by the ground-based observation. The methodology has potential important applications for fine-scale estimates of CO2 and other GHG emissions
Short summary
Imaging carbon dioxide (CO2) plumes of anthropogenic sources from planes and satellites has proven valuable for detecting emitters and monitoring climate mitigation efforts. We present the first images of CO2 plumes taken with a ground-based spectral camera, observing a coal-fired power plant as a validation target. We develop a technique to find the source emission strength with an hourly resolution, which reasonably agrees with the expected emissions under favorable conditions.