Articles | Volume 17, issue 8
Research article
 | Highlight paper
18 Apr 2024
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 18 Apr 2024

Quantitative imaging of carbon dioxide plumes using a ground-based shortwave infrared spectral camera

Marvin Knapp, Ralph Kleinschek, Sanam N. Vardag, Felix Külheim, Helge Haveresch, Moritz Sindram, Tim Siegel, Bruno Burger, and André Butz

Related authors

Shipborne measurements of XCO2, XCH4, and XCO above the Pacific Ocean and comparison to CAMS atmospheric analyses and S5P/TROPOMI
Marvin Knapp, Ralph Kleinschek, Frank Hase, Anna Agustí-Panareda, Antje Inness, Jérôme Barré, Jochen Landgraf, Tobias Borsdorff, Stefan Kinne, and André Butz
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 199–211,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Gases | Technique: Remote Sensing | Topic: Data Processing and Information Retrieval
A new method for estimating megacity NOx emissions and lifetimes from satellite observations
Steffen Beirle and Thomas Wagner
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3439–3453,,, 2024
Short summary
Accounting for the effect of aerosols in GHGSat methane retrieval
Qiurun Yu, Dylan Jervis, and Yi Huang
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 3347–3366,,, 2024
Short summary
A survey of methane point source emissions from coal mines in Shanxi province of China using AHSI on board Gaofen-5B
Zhonghua He, Ling Gao, Miao Liang, and Zhao-Cheng Zeng
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 2937–2956,,, 2024
Short summary
Global retrieval of stratospheric and tropospheric BrO columns from the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite Nadir Mapper (OMPS-NM) on board the Suomi-NPP satellite
Heesung Chong, Gonzalo González Abad, Caroline R. Nowlan, Christopher Chan Miller, Alfonso Saiz-Lopez, Rafael P. Fernandez, Hyeong-Ahn Kwon, Zolal Ayazpour, Huiqun Wang, Amir H. Souri, Xiong Liu, Kelly Chance, Ewan O'Sullivan, Jhoon Kim, Ja-Ho Koo, William R. Simpson, François Hendrick, Richard Querel, Glen Jaross, Colin Seftor, and Raid M. Suleiman
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 2873–2916,,, 2024
Short summary
IMK–IAA MIPAS retrieval version 8: CH4 and N2O
Norbert Glatthor, Thomas von Clarmann, Bernd Funke, Maya García-Comas, Udo Grabowski, Michael Höpfner, Sylvia Kellmann, Michael Kiefer, Alexandra Laeng, Andrea Linden, Manuel López-Puertas, and Gabriele P. Stiller
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 17, 2849–2871,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Adler, B., Gohm, A., Kalthoff, N., Babić, N., Corsmeier, U., Lehner, M., Rotach, M. W., Haid, M., Markmann, P., Gast, E., Tsaknakis, G., and Georgoussis, G.: CROSSINN: A Field Experiment to Study the Three-Dimensional Flow Structure in the Inn Valley, Austria, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 102, E38–E60,, 2021. a
Anderson, G., Clough, S., Kneizys, F., Chetwyd, J., and Shettle, E.: AFGL Atmospheric Constituent Profiles (0–120 km), Air Force Geophysics Laboratory Tech. Rep, Tech. rep., AFGL-TR-86-0110, 1986. a
Ayasse, A. K., Thorpe, A. K., Roberts, D. A., Funk, C. C., Dennison, P. E., Frankenberg, C., Steffke, A., and Aubrey, A. D.: Evaluating the Effects of Surface Properties on Methane Retrievals Using a Synthetic Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer next Generation (AVIRIS-NG) Image, Remote Sens. Environ., 215, 386–397,, 2018. a
Bevington, P. R., Robinson, D. K., Blair, J. M., Mallinckrodt, A. J., and McKay, S.: Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, Comput. Phys., 7, 415,, 1993. a
Borsdorff, T., aan de Brugh, J., Schneider, A., Lorente, A., Birk, M., Wagner, G., Kivi, R., Hase, F., Feist, D. G., Sussmann, R., Rettinger, M., Wunch, D., Warneke, T., and Landgraf, J.: Improving the TROPOMI CO data product: update of the spectroscopic database and destriping of single orbits, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 5443–5455,, 2019. a
Executive editor
Following the handling editor recommendation, the manuscript presents innovative analysis of a ground-based imaging experiment using a shortwave infrared spectral camera to quantify carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from a coal-fired power plant. The innovation of the manuscript is to use low spectral resolution (7nm) imaging spectroscopy to measure CO2 plume structure and estimate emission amounts from chimneys by the ground-based observation. The methodology has potential important applications for fine-scale estimates of CO2 and other GHG emissions
Short summary
Imaging carbon dioxide (CO2) plumes of anthropogenic sources from planes and satellites has proven valuable for detecting emitters and monitoring climate mitigation efforts. We present the first images of CO2 plumes taken with a ground-based spectral camera, observing a coal-fired power plant as a validation target. We develop a technique to find the source emission strength with an hourly resolution, which reasonably agrees with the expected emissions under favorable conditions.