Articles | Volume 8, issue 8
Research article
05 Aug 2015
Research article |  | 05 Aug 2015

Retrieval of vertical profiles of atmospheric refraction angles by inversion of optical dilution measurements

D. Fussen, C. Tétard, E. Dekemper, D. Pieroux, N. Mateshvili, F. Vanhellemont, G. Franssens, and P. Demoulin

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Cited articles

Bertaux, J. L., Kyrölä, E., Fussen, D., Hauchecorne, A., Dalaudier, F., Sofieva, V., Tamminen, J., Vanhellemont, F., Fanton d'Andon, O., Barrot, G., Mangin, A., Blanot, L., Lebrun, J. C., Pérot, K., Fehr, T., Saavedra, L., Leppelmeier, G. W., and Fraisse, R.: Global ozone monitoring by occultation of stars: an overview of GOMOS measurements on ENVISAT, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 12091–12148,, 2010.
Bodhaine, B. A., Wood, N. B., Dutton, E. G., and Slusser, J. R.: On rayleigh optical depth calculations, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 16, 1854–1861, 1999.
Born, M. and Wolf, E.: Principles of Optics, 6th edn., Imprint, Oxford Pergamon Press, New York, USA, 1975.
Bracewell, R.: The Fourier Transform and its Apllications, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, 1965.
Short summary
In this paper, we consider occultations of celestial bodies through the atmospheric limb from low Earth orbit satellites and we show how the usual change of tangent altitude associated with atmospheric refraction is inseparably connected to a variation of the observed apparent intensity, for extended and pointlike sources. We demonstrate, in the regime of weak refraction angles, that atmospheric optical dilution and image deformation are strictly concomitant.