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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 9, issue 8
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 3467–3475, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-3467-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 3467–3475, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-3467-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 01 Aug 2016

Research article | 01 Aug 2016

The Moon as a photometric calibration standard for microwave sensors

Martin Burgdorf et al.

Data sets

JPL’s HORIZONS system JPL Solar System Dynamics http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/horizons.cgi

NOAA Level 1b data sets NOAA CLASS http://www. class.ngdc.noaa.gov/saa/products/welcome

STAR ICVS NOAA STAR http://www.star. nesdis.noaa.gov/icvs/InstrPerfMonitoring.php

Publications Copernicus
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Short summary
The upper-tropospheric humidity is an essential climate variable, which can be measured with microwave sounders in polar orbits. A stable photometric calibration of these instruments is indispensable for detecting long-term trends. We demonstrate that this can be achieved by using the Moon in a fixed phase as a flux standard for dedicated pitch maneuver observations. This method is particularly suited for future sensors with small beamwidths.
The upper-tropospheric humidity is an essential climate variable, which can be measured with...
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