Articles | Volume 9, issue 11
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 5487–5498, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-5487-2016

Special issue: Ten years of Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) observations...

Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 5487–5498, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-5487-2016
Research article
16 Nov 2016
Research article | 16 Nov 2016

Improving global detection of volcanic eruptions using the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI)

Verity J. B. Flower et al.

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Cited articles

Brenot, H., Theys, N., Clarisse, L., van Geffen, J., van Gent, J., Van Roozendael, M., van der A, R., Hurtmans, D., Coheur, P.-F., Clerbaux, C., Valks, P., Hedelt, P., Prata, F., Rasson, O., Sievers, K., and Zehner, C.: Support to Aviation Control Service (SACS): an online service for near-real-time satellite monitoring of volcanic plumes, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 1099–1123, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-14-1099-2014, 2014.
Carn, S. A. and Prata, F. J.: Satellite-based constraints on explosive SO2 release from Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL044971, 2010.
Carn, S. A., Krueger, A. J., Bluth, G. J. S., Schaefer, S. J., Krotkov, N. A., Watson, I. M., and Datta, S.: Volcanic eruption detection by the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) instruments: A 22-year record of sulphur dioxide and ash emissions, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 213, 177–202, 2003.
Carn, S. A., Krueger, A. J., Krotkov, N. A., Yang, K., and Levelt, P. F.: Sulfur dioxide emissions from Peruvian copper smelters detected by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL029020, 2007.
Carn, S. A., Krueger, A. J., Krotkov, N. A., Arellano, S., and Yang, K.: Daily monitoring of Ecuadorian volcanic degassing from space, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 176, 141–150, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.01.029, 2008.
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Volcanic eruptions pose a threat to human populations around the globe, but many active volcanoes are poorly monitored. This paper details the development of an automated volcanic plume detection method with focus on diffuse plumes, utilising daily, global observations of volcanic gases measured by satellites. The developed technique consistently distinguished volcanic plumes over 400 t, from control samples, indicating the potential for implementation within a volcanic alert system.